Journalistic bias and distortion about latest incidents in Israel

You might have heard that about 200 (or more) rockets were fired at Israeli civilian targets by Hamas last week, and that Israel responded by the Israeli Defense Forces targeting over 100 Hamas terrorist and military sites. No Israeli civilians were killed, though at least 7 were injured and more treated for shock as 30 rockets not intercepted by Israel’s “Iron Dome” landed in fields but also destroyed Israeli houses, cars, factories, and a playground (Israel has an efficient early warning system). According to reports, three Palestinians were killed: a woman, her one-year-old chid, and a Hamas militant.

Not in dispute is that Hamas has continually been firing rockets from Gaza at Israeli citizens for months, but not on the scale that happened this week, which was a significant escalation of the violence. Also, since April Hamas has been sending incendiary devices via balloons and even birds into Israel, aimed at destroying Israeli crops. This has been successful, with thousands of acres of Israeli land scorched and lots of money lost. That is, of course, an act of provocation (and abuse to birds).

What we don’t know is what started the Hamas rocket barrage. As the BBC reports in its story below (note the headline; click on screenshot to go to article), there are conflicting stories. An excerpt:

What triggered the escalation?

This is the third serious flare-up in violence in the past month.

On Monday, two militants were killed after an Israeli tank shelled a Hamas border post in northern Gaza.

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) said the tank had responded to shots fired at soldiers from the post. But Hamas said its fighters had been taking part in a live-fire exercise and that Israel would pay for their deaths.

On Wednesday afternoon, the IDF said militants had fired shots at civilians constructing an underground barrier along the border fence, damaging a vehicle. In response, a tank targeted a Hamas post in northern Gaza, it added.

. . . The IDF said it responded by carrying out air strikes on more than 150 “military and strategic targets” in Gaza, including Hamas compounds, training camps, a weapons storage facility, a naval complex, a building site being used to make weapons and tunnel components, and two tunnels along the Gaza coast.

Gaza’s health ministry said pregnant 23-year-old Inas Khammash and her 18-month daughter Bayan were killed in one of the air strikes. Her husband was reportedly injured.

Given the history of Hamas, I’d think that that “live fire exercise” was more than that, but that’s my jaundiced take. Here’s how the BBC characterized the escalation of violence:

But regardless of that, look at how the world covered this story. The BBC leads with the Palestinian woman and child killed, despite 7 Israelis being wounded and the fact that many more would have been killed if Israel didn’t have the early-warning system for civilians the the “Iron Dome” of counter-missiles. The press, of course, always ignores the constant rocket fire from Gaza aimed at Israeli civilians. Here are some headlines given by HonestReporting. The site gives links to most headlines so you can check for yourself.

From the Irish Times, which doesn’t mention the rocket barrage from Gaza (the site says the paper has now amended the headline). It is a truly misleading—indeed, duplicitous—headline:

From the Sydney Morning Herald, also not mentioning the rocket barrage:

From The Independent, also not mentioning the rocket barrage:

From the Daily Telegraph, which is at least a bit more balanced but neglects the injured Israelis:

Note that the 7 Israelis injured (and the houses and playgrounds destroyed by rockets) aren’t mentioned by any paper here, and most of the headlines don’t mention the rocket barrages that caused the IDF to target strategic Hamas and terrorist sites. If a woman and her daughter were killed, that’s tragic, but I’m also sure the IDF didn’t deliberately target them—unlike how Hamas deliberately targets Israeli civilians, homes, schools, and crops. But of course Hamas always gets a pass because they are Terrorists of Color.

What is most depressing is the BBC headline, which is clearly biased. As always, liberal media reporting on Israel distorts what really happened.

For further distortion of a kind that’s familiar, Palestinian sympathizers are circulating supposed photos of the dead child that turned out to be photos of a living child in America taken from Instagram.

The facts:

Talk about “fake news”!

 

h/t: Malgorzata

47 Comments

  1. BJ
    Posted August 10, 2018 at 11:14 am | Permalink

    You gotta love it. Anything that happens to Israel as the result of indiscriminate terrorist attacks from Palestine gets no coverage, while any single Palestinian that dies or gets hurt as a result of the most mild possible response by Israel to endless terrorism will have endless media coverage. It’s propaganda against Israel, pure and simple.

    For those who disagree, I ask them to engage in a thought experiment: if Mexico or Canada were, for decades, committing endless terrorist acts against the US from across the border; killing civilians; terrorizing the population; blowing up buses and restaurants to kill as many innocents as possible; digging tunnels across the border to kill American families in their homes; destroying infrastructure; and preaching from childhood to their entire populace that the US and its people should be wiped off the map — what would you think would be the appropriate response from the US? And remember that these countries would also have invaded the US multiple times with armies from every surrounding country, and yet still lost those wars, but still demanded back the land they lost from those wars of aggression. And every time the US agreed to negotiate and offer to give the land back, these other countries would first accept, and then back out at the last minute and continue their campaigns of terror. And remember that, if the US does things like Israel, they would take more care than any other nation in the world to keep civilian casualties to a minimum.

    If all of this was true of your country, what would you expect your government to do? Just sit back and allow terrorism and the teaching of children and all others in the populace that all Americans should be killed and their land taken? Or would you respond?

    • BJ
      Posted August 10, 2018 at 1:03 pm | Permalink

      Hell, imagine want the military response would be by any western (or any other) nation in such a situation. And, of course, the news coverage would be anywhere from dispassionate to the opposite of this. Only with Israel does this happen. Only with the Jewish nation.

  2. Sarah
    Posted August 10, 2018 at 11:24 am | Permalink

    It is really tragic that the BBC has forgotten the meaning of the word “unbiased”, at least where Israel is concerned. It is impossible to trust their version of events now without checking other sources.

    • Steve Pollard
      Posted August 10, 2018 at 4:47 pm | Permalink

      Yes, the headline highlights Palestinian deaths, rather than Israeli injuries. But why not read the whole story: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-45124357 As far as I can see, the BBC is trying to report an evolving sequence of events as honestly as it can.

      • Sarah
        Posted August 10, 2018 at 5:19 pm | Permalink

        Notice how the Israeli response is usually mentioned first, and then if people read on they may discover the reason for it. Notice how the “Gaza ministry of health” is quoted without saying that it is in reality Hamas. Notice how there is often an impersonal or passive construction, so that when it comes from Gaza the source of the action is played down–“a rocket landed near Sderot”, etc., whereas nothing of the kind obtains when Israel fires a rocket back. Notice how “an upsurge of violence” seems to just happen like some natural disaster, and the riots and human shields along the border are given a patina of respectability by repeating the fiction that it is a “protest” and about the “right of return” (which incidentally does not exist). “Human rights groups” are quoted without saying which ones. Some “human rights groups” have been discredited because they are highly partisan, but we don’t know whether they are included in these vague “human rights groups” who accuse Israel of using excessive force. BBC reports often look fairly impartial on the surface, but see the difference in the way they report Israel and its attackers.

  3. Posted August 10, 2018 at 11:34 am | Permalink

    In the tit-for-tat, eye-for-eye mentality that pervades this cursed part of the world, it is not always clear “who started it”. At least to the combatants. I suppose you have to trace it back to the first tit, which I guess would be the Arab States invasion of Israel in 1948.

    It is immensely sad. Headlining the death of the woman and child at least shows the human cost of this monstrous conflict. Of course, the deaths and injuries of Israeli citizens should be reported with equal force.

    • David Coxill
      Posted August 10, 2018 at 12:23 pm | Permalink

      It goes back to the 1880s .This might get deleted ,it is not Anti-Semite or Anti Israel .
      But from 1880s Zionists sought to take over and become the leaders of Palestine .according to a book by a Jewish author “Jerusalem 1913 ” i am half way through reading .
      Some moderate Zionists sought a peaceful existence with the Arabs under the rule of the Ottoman Empire .

    • Posted August 11, 2018 at 12:20 pm | Permalink

      Actually that was a tat is response to the creation of the modern state of Israel which I think was a mistake. But it’s a done deal now. Israel has a right to protect itself from external threats and I understand why it does what it does.

      The only way to break the cycle of violence is for one side to be “the bigger man” and not retaliate, however hard that might be. Unfortunately, Hamas is driven by religious fanaticism and Israel perceives Hamas as an existential threat, so the problem is intractable IMO.

  4. Randall Schenck
    Posted August 10, 2018 at 11:46 am | Permalink

    Here is a simple comment from a neutral party. The type of propaganda that occurs every time anything happens in this never ending war makes any attempt at actual journalism a back page non story. Today this conflict has been reduced to making points and of course, has nothing to do with solving a single thing. The U.S. should not be involved in any of this any more than they should be complicit in what is currently happening in Yemen, where U.S. backed Saudi Arabia is slaughtering on a grand scale.

    • Sarah
      Posted August 10, 2018 at 11:59 am | Permalink

      Actual journalism is more important than ever just because there is so much bias and lack of context in most of the reports we hear. Background is extremely important and we rarely get it. It is like reporting an all-out attack by Britain on northern France…and just leaving it at that without explaining what D-Day was all about.

      • Ken Kukec
        Posted August 10, 2018 at 12:46 pm | Permalink

        It is like reporting an all-out attack by Britain on northern France …

        Somebody shoulda warned those Normans back in 1066 that payback would be a bitch. 🙂

        • Eli
          Posted August 10, 2018 at 1:03 pm | Permalink

          Agincourt was the payback for 1066. There is a long history of deep-seated hostilities. Brexit is just the latest flare-up in tensions between Britain and the Continent… 😉

          • Ken Kukec
            Posted August 10, 2018 at 4:13 pm | Permalink

            Yeah, I suppose we could count Wellington’s victory at Waterloo as part of that payback, too, huh?

            • Sarah
              Posted August 10, 2018 at 4:18 pm | Permalink

              Don’t forget Crécy.

          • Taz
            Posted August 10, 2018 at 11:40 pm | Permalink

            I’m not really sure the heirs of William the Conqueror who ruled England at the time were interested in payback for the Norman invasion. 😉

            • Sarah
              Posted August 11, 2018 at 8:26 am | Permalink

              Maybe not precisely pay-back, but rather a claim on chunks of France arising from the now close connection of the French and English royal houses as a result of the Norman invasion of 1066.

    • Diane G
      Posted August 11, 2018 at 4:47 am | Permalink

      “The U.S. should not be involved in any of this any more than they should be complicit in what is currently happening in Yemen, where U.S. backed Saudi Arabia is slaughtering on a grand scale.”

      But if we acknowledge the traditional and apparently escalating antisemitism in Europe and other countries, isn’t there a humanistic imperative to ensure that Jews are safe somewhere in the world?

  5. Malgorzata
    Posted August 10, 2018 at 11:49 am | Permalink

    sub

  6. Jon Gallant
    Posted August 10, 2018 at 11:54 am | Permalink

    On April 18, 1942, American B-25s flying from a carrier deck bombed targets in Japan, in the first payback for the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor 4 months earlier. I don’t know what casualties the Japanese suffered in this bombing raid, but there might have been civilians among them. We can suppose The Independent, had it existed then, could have reported the event as follows: “JAPANESE WIDOWS AND ORPHANS IMPERILED AS FIGHTING IN THE PACIFIC ESCALATES”.

    • Ken Kukec
      Posted August 10, 2018 at 1:34 pm | Permalink

      Like most people, I consider Jimmy Doolittle and the pilots and crewman who went on his eponymous raid American war heroes. But the raid technically qualifies as an act of “terrorism,” I think, in that it had no military targets. Its sole purpose was to strike fear in the Japanese people by demonstrating that their mainland was not, as they had been told, a fortress invulnerable to foreign attack. (An intended byproduct of the raid, of course, was to raise morale at home by showing the US could punch back.)

      • Ken Kukec
        Posted August 10, 2018 at 1:44 pm | Permalink

        I should say “like most Americans” rather than “like most people.” (Like any self-respecting American, I don’t know what non-Americans think. 🙂 )

      • mordacious1
        Posted August 10, 2018 at 3:03 pm | Permalink

        “…it had no military targets.”
        You might want to check on that.

        • Ken Kukec
          Posted August 10, 2018 at 4:06 pm | Permalink

          Yeah, it would’ve probably been more accurate to say “no targets of strategic military value.”

          It was essentially psychological warfare — theirs and ours.

  7. Eli
    Posted August 10, 2018 at 12:18 pm | Permalink

    The media problem faced by Israel is very simple. The media follow the maxim “If it bleeds, it leads”. Therefore, as Golda Meir apocryphally said, “Peace will come to the Middle East when the Arabs love their children more than they hate us.” Please read this on “Why Israel is losing social media war”: https://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-news-and-politics/265160/israel-losing-social-media-war

    “Israel is a democratic state. It cannot pump out falsehoods—and it cannot manufacture gory Israeli casualties where none exist. Israel loses the global information war because it does not “bleed” enough—and as long as it maintains its military advantage, it never will.”

    • Sarah
      Posted August 10, 2018 at 1:36 pm | Permalink

      Why apocryphal? Golda Meir really said it, and it certainly sums up the situation, now as much as when she said it in 1957 in Washington at the National Press Club. (See inter alia A Land of Our Own, ed. Marie Syrkin.)

      • Eli
        Posted August 10, 2018 at 6:13 pm | Permalink

        Certainly agree that it’s a pithy summation of the “conflict” but apparently this quote has not been found in the transcript: http://www.jewishpress.com/indepth/front-page/the-mystery-of-goldas-golden-gems/2015/06/10/0/

        • Sarah
          Posted August 11, 2018 at 6:34 pm | Permalink

          Well, that is amazing. Thanks for explaining this. Perhaps she said it off the record. And the article you link to cites the Land of Our Own source I used, but I had assumed that there were many citations of it in other places. It reminds me of trying to track down the source of Lord Acton’s “Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely”, which apparently does not appear in his writings.

    • Diane G
      Posted August 11, 2018 at 4:57 am | Permalink

      “The media problem faced by Israel is very simple.”

      Thus, a solution to the media problem faced by Israel is impossible.

      Critical thinking is the correct way to address conflict, but very few people are capable of doing so, esp. when partisanship rewards their self-interest at the expense of their anointed enemies.

  8. JB
    Posted August 10, 2018 at 12:27 pm | Permalink

    What should Israel do here? I mean, in response to having hundreds of rockets fired into Israel, into playgrounds and such. And firebombs dropped on farms.

    Should they just not respond at all and hope that the UN and International press will take their side? It won’t happen: headlines won’t say “continued acts of war from Gaza.” They’ll instead say, “continued tensions between Gaza and Israel” or some neutral thing. And if Israel doesn’t respond, Hamas will have the green light to build more rockets and escalate further.

    Ok, and what if Israel does respond? Hamas puts weapons stations under school and in hospitals… this has been proven over and over. And they use human shields, also proven and admitted by Hamas leadership. Israel goes far beyond any other country in history in trying to avoid civilian casualties, but it’s impossible for anyone (U.S. included) to completely avoid harm to civilians when weapons stations are placed in a nursery school.

    For centuries Jews have been a pacifist, peaceful, non-aggressive people and it’s gotten them nothing but pogroms, cleansings and the Holocaust. Now that they in engage in even a carefully-measured response to being attacked, they are vilified as murderers. Wow.

  9. JB
    Posted August 10, 2018 at 12:59 pm | Permalink

    I tried each of the Instagram accounts shown that claimed the little girl shown was the one killed in Gaza… those accounts don’t exist. Deleted?!

    • Malgorzata
      Posted August 10, 2018 at 1:52 pm | Permalink

      I’ve just opened this link: https://www.instagram.com/p/BjT03Afjfbc/?taken-by=ace.familyy.clipss on Instagram and the picture of the child is there. Not deleted.

      • JB
        Posted August 10, 2018 at 2:27 pm | Permalink

        That is her family’s account. I said the accounts that claimed the little girl was killed in Gaza. Accounts like @a_alsaafin and @LauraMStuart9. I can’t find these. Possibilities:

        1) Those accounts never existed and this is fake news.

        2) They existed in order to spread fake news and then were deleted (either by their owners or instagram).

        3) They were real people duped by someone else and then deleted out of embarrassment.

        4) They’re still there but I’m bad at searching instagram.

        JB

        • Malgorzata
          Posted August 10, 2018 at 2:37 pm | Permalink

          The pictures, posted by Dr. Basem Naim, head of the Council on International Relations in Gaza, and the former minister of Health in Gaza, definitely existed so your first hypothesis is wrong. Your hypothesis No. 3 is not especially probable. This man has a long, long history of lying to the media and disseminating fake news. What remains are your hypothesis 2 and 4. To me, No. 2 is the most probable.

          • JB
            Posted August 10, 2018 at 2:43 pm | Permalink

            I did some digging around to satisfy my curiosity. I was able to find real Palestinians posting this (wrong) picture and claiming it to be Bayan Khammash, the little girl killed in Gaza.

            Commenters are claiming that the mother (Inas Abu Khmash) had posted this other little girl’s picture in her Instagram, and that after the mother’s death, people pulled that picture thinking it was Bayan, but it’s not.

            There are real pictures of Bayan, easily found by a google search. In any case, it seems at least two innocent people lost their lives in the past two days, as well as numerous injuries and damage to property on both sides as this tragic situation continues without any solution in sight.

  10. Torbjörn Larsson
    Posted August 10, 2018 at 1:21 pm | Permalink

    Ghaza is led by terrorists and acts irresponsibly … not a peep.

    The real baby atrocities seems to be perpetrated in US though. I did not know, but should have guessed, that the immigrant baby camps were privatized and unsupervised. As a result I read headlines like

    “Texas to investigate reports migrant child died after leaving Ice custody”

    and quotes like

    “It becomes the 52nd child abuse and neglect investigation at a Texas facility housing immigrant children since December. None of the roughly 40 completed so far have been substantiated by state child welfare investigators, and the others remain ongoing.”

    “Texas issues childcare licenses to immigrant detention facility that house children. State officials said they do not have the discretion to deny licenses for new facilities if the operators meet the requirements.”

    [ https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/aug/09/texas-investigate-reports-migrant-child-died-after-leaving-ice-custody ]

    And of course the smiling “God wills it” Sessions is pulling the chain of cruelty:

    “An angry federal judge ordered a plane carrying a mother and her daughter to turn around and head back to the United States, hours after being whisked away by U.S. authorities before a court hearing on their deportation status could be finished.”

    “Had the family not been returned, Sullivan was prepared to order Attorney General Jeff Sessions, Department of Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen and other senior administration officials to appear in court “to show cause why they should not be held in contempt of court.””

    [ https://eu.usatoday.com/story/news/2018/08/09/pretty-outrageous-federal-judge-blasts-u-s-orders-plane-carrying-deported-mother-and-daughter-turn/952310002/ ]

    • Mark R.
      Posted August 10, 2018 at 1:34 pm | Permalink

      And even this atrocity is barely mentioned in the US MSM anymore. They’ll run a headline when something extraordinary happens, like the airplane turnaround and threat against Sessions. So far today, I haven’t heard a peep. Except from you, of course.

  11. Mark R.
    Posted August 10, 2018 at 1:38 pm | Permalink

    Wow, what more proof do you need that the outside world/press is biased towards Israel? Thanks for bringing this to our attention. This story wasn’t even mentioned in the media I followed this morning…including the LA Times; though I only read the headlines, maybe it’s buried.

  12. BJ
    Posted August 10, 2018 at 2:14 pm | Permalink

    Another funny thing the antisemites never mention: for all their talk about how Israel is somehow an “apartheid state” because it won’t open its borders to people who wish to commit genocide against them, there is never any criticism of the government’s of the other countries that border ghaza and the West Bank. Why are none of these activists angered that Egypt will not let the Ghazans cross their border?? Oh, right: once again, these other countries are not the Jewish country, not the country that has a democracy and human rights and citizenship for all regardless if religion, race, origin, sexuality, etc. They get a pass because they’re not the Jewish homeland, they’re considered oppressed Muslims rather than oppressor Jews in the utterly capricious social justice hierarchy if oppression.

  13. eric
    Posted August 10, 2018 at 2:52 pm | Permalink

    What we don’t know is what started the Hamas rocket barrage.

    These are two countries in a simmering war. At least, in Hamas’ view – so Hamas doesn’t really need a reason to conduct individual acts of aggression. Israel’s mere existence is the reason.

    The Israelis are a lot better but they do have problems. Constantly expanding their territory in the west bank via settlement does not in any way signal a commitment to a two-state solution. While I doubt a strong peace is even possible with Hamas in charge, if, down the road, the palestinians elect more doveish leadership, then Israel’s going to have to rein in their right wing and stop the expansion if they want peace.

  14. Malgorzata
    Posted August 10, 2018 at 3:20 pm | Permalink

    My friend, Lebanese-Canadian Arab, most probably is not a reader of WEIT but he wrote something on his Facebook page which I think is an apt comment to this discussion:

    “Fred Maroun
    7 godz.
    Both Zionists and antizionists agree on one thing with regard to Gaza: the endless wars cannot continue.

    But their solutions are quite different.

    Antizionists want Israel to disappear and be replaced by an Arab regime, leading to the expulsion or killing of millions of Jews.

    Zionists want Gazans to choose a responsible government that can work with Israel towards making Gazans’ lives better, rather than attack it.

    Yet most of the world supports antizionists and most of the rest are undecided. And we wonder how the world could possibly have let the Holocaust occur.”

    • Mark R.
      Posted August 10, 2018 at 4:11 pm | Permalink

      I appreciate this distillation of such a convoluted conflict. Thanks for posting it.

    • Posted August 10, 2018 at 5:08 pm | Permalink

      Since Israel is enormously more powerful, the antizionist dream will never happen, so I guess they (the antizionists) really want this endless tit-for-tat, low-scale war. I bet the same thing will be going on fifty years from now.

      • BJ
        Posted August 10, 2018 at 5:23 pm | Permalink

        Never bet on a status quo continuing. Let’s say that, in the next ten to twenty years, the swing toward far/regressive left politics continues among the young in western nations, and among older people as well and, by extension, the politicians. Let’s say that this faction takes over left-wing politics (with Corbyn leading Labour, this is already not so far-fetched). This disgusting, malicious propaganda against Israel continues unabated, and likely getting worse. Antisemitism increases through Europe, as it already has been.

        Israel and Jews’ position is far more precarious than you think, and media propaganda and movements like BDS (which has been gaining a lot of traction among influential left-wing intellegentsia in the academy and politics) continue to grow. The position of Israel and Jews in general is not stable, and I wouldn’t be surprised that, if ten years from now, things get very bad. We simply cannot blow this off, thinking that there’s little chance of anything truly terrible happening for Israel and for Jews across the world.

        • Posted August 10, 2018 at 7:18 pm | Permalink

          Israel knows, when push comes to shove, it may have to go it alone if needed. It doesn’t maintain all those nukes for no reason. Meanwhile it practices clever diplomacy with anyone willing. Greece is now a BFF despite its vocal support for the Palestinian cause. Israel’s bigger problems are internal, mainly its dysfunctional political system that is handing so much power to the religious parties.

          • BJ
            Posted August 10, 2018 at 8:19 pm | Permalink

            When you might as well be considered landlocked on three sides and the closest country in your ocean is Greece (which could turn on a dime) and the rest of the closest countries are part of the shift in perspective we’re discussing; when your country is only a little over 8,000 sq. miles and surrounded on all sides by enemies or those who were enemies just a few years ago; when your population is barely 8 million, well, nukes alone might not be enough. And forget the nukes. What if BDS becomes successful? What if the West decides Israel needs to be isolated from the world community, economically and diplomatically?

            Things can go wrong in many ways. Israel could end up being weakened to the point of being forced to relent, without ever launching a nuke.

      • eric
        Posted August 10, 2018 at 6:28 pm | Permalink

        Since Israel is enormously more powerful, the antizionist dream will never happen, so I guess they (the antizionists) really want this endless tit-for-tat, low-scale war.

        I wouldn’t underestimate the importance of foreign interference. When you’ve got (people or factions in) Syria, Saudi, Iran and others pouring money and weapons into the cause of fighting Israel, is it any surprise the fight continues? Look at the NRA in the US and how they impact gun control policy inhere; is it that surprising that aggressive anti-Israel policies continue in the Palestinian territory?

  15. Posted August 10, 2018 at 5:18 pm | Permalink

    Biases against Israel MUST be at it’s lowest base point, to me, it can’t go any lower, just more misinformation to keep it there.
    This obviously does not allow the full weight to bear down on Hamas to use diplomacy and dialogue. The fake news, exaggerated claims, obfusicates as they (Palestinians) always look the ‘victim’ and it works…
    the BBC, what a disappointment for unbiased truths and reasoned thought.
    In this day and age, people who wish to hear both sides can, but it requires poking around, time and effort.
    Biases come effortlessly with an answer.


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