World’s oldest known spider dies at 43; scientists disconsolate

This headline tells you how many of us feel about our research subjects (see also here):

The spider, a trapdoor spider (Gaius villosus), was not a coddled lab animal, but a real arachnid in the wild—in western Australia. Affectionately known as “Number 16”, she had been studied since 1974, presumably as a toddler, and was recently found dead. Her longevity beats the previous record—that of a Mexican tarantula—by a full 15 years. And the senior author of the study (see below) is of a venerable age herself.

From the Torygraph (my emphasis):

The arachnid is believed to have survived for so long by sticking to one protected burrow its entire life and expending the minimum of energy.

. . . Published the Pacific Conservation Biology Journal, the research is the life’s work of Barbara York Main, now 88, who first set eyes on Number 16 shortly after its birth.

. . . While trapdoor spiders are poisonous, it is the males, who leave their burrows to find a mate, which are usually encountered by humans.

A typical danger in Australia is homeowners finding what they believe to be dead spiders in their swimming pools, which can then rear up and attack when removed.

The trapdoor species typically take five to seven years to mature and will then invest their energies in a single burrow, with the females rarely venturing more than a few metres away from their place of birth.

Ms Mason said of the Number 16’s death: “We’re really miserable about it.

“We were hoping she could have made it to 50 years old.”

As far as I know (I used to keep tarantulas), females generally live longer than males, and not just because some of the males get nommed after mating.

The Curtin University publicity release is more science-y:

Lead author PhD student Leanda Mason from the School of Molecular and Life Sciences at Curtin University said the ongoing research has led to new discoveries about the longevity of the trapdoor spider.

“To our knowledge this is the oldest spider ever recorded, and her significant life has allowed us to further investigate the trapdoor spider’s behaviour and population dynamics,” Ms Mason said.

“The research project was first initiated by Barbara York Main in 1974, who monitored the long-term spider population for over 42 years in the Central Wheatbelt region of Western Australia.

Here’s the paper’s abstract from the Pacific Conservation Biology Journal (click on screenshot). Our library doesn’t carry this, journal and you’ll have to pay $25 (U.S.) to see the article, but I think you have the relevant data:


  1. Randall Schenck
    Posted April 29, 2018 at 12:33 pm | Permalink

    Amazing story. I had no idea a spider could live so long.

  2. Posted April 29, 2018 at 12:41 pm | Permalink

    another painful thing it is.. recently we lost sudan the only surviving male rhino

  3. Ken Pidcock
    Posted April 29, 2018 at 12:44 pm | Permalink

    The note on these spiders being found in swimming pools reminded me of a warmly entertaining bit of verse, Tarantulas on the Lifebuoy by Thomas Lux.

    • kateydandelion
      Posted April 30, 2018 at 10:43 am | Permalink

      I came across that poem a few years ago, and it quickly became one of my favourite poems (I also thought of it when the swimming pools were mentioned).

  4. W.T. Effingham
    Posted April 29, 2018 at 12:49 pm | Permalink

    Dig deep and persevere. Yet another example of nature’s way to live long and prosper.

  5. Posted April 29, 2018 at 12:50 pm | Permalink

    “While trapdoor spiders are poisonous”

    Surely they mean venomous?

    • Posted April 30, 2018 at 4:54 am | Permalink

      I love the sweet smell of pedantry in the morning. 😀

      • Laurance
        Posted May 1, 2018 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

        Oh, we herpers can be pains in the ass about poisonous versus venomous! 😉

  6. Mark Sturtevant
    Posted April 29, 2018 at 2:13 pm | Permalink

    For tarantulas at least, I have the opinion that males do not live long once they are mature. My favorite pet tarantula was my 2nd one. Kubla Khan was a lovely male orange kneed tarantula. But being a mature male, he could not escape his pre-programmed fate of wandering aimlessly, without cease, in search of a girlfriend. He never ate, but also never bit so one could handle him in complete safety.
    After one year, nearly to the day, he died in my hand.

  7. Christopher
    Posted April 29, 2018 at 6:47 pm | Permalink

    So what would be the limitations on lifespan for an arachnid if raised in the lab or zoo? What, besides predation, accidents, habit destruction, people with shoes, kill a spider of such a size? Do spiders get decrepit? Arthropod Arthritis? I’m not even sure how one would go about studying the geriatric conditions of a spider.

    • Michael Fisher
      Posted April 29, 2018 at 9:43 pm | Permalink

      A study of house spiders found that web weaving expertise decreases with age

  8. ladyatheist
    Posted April 29, 2018 at 6:53 pm | Permalink

    I feel a bit better about spiders kept in zoos now.

  9. busterggi
    Posted April 29, 2018 at 7:41 pm | Permalink

    Amazing that anything in Australia can live to be 43 yo.

  10. Michael Fisher
    Posted April 29, 2018 at 9:40 pm | Permalink

    The Independent [usually reliable] claims No 16 succumbed to a parasitic wasp attack

    And also mentions that Barbara York Main, now 88, was the first to identify & record Number 16 shortly after the spider’s birth…

  11. Gamall
    Posted April 30, 2018 at 3:31 pm | Permalink

    Well, my guess for spider (generally insect and arachnid) longevity was off by about an order of magnitude.

    Apparently termite queens can make it to 50 as well.

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