Thursday: Hili dialogue

It’s already Thursday, April 5, 2018, also National Raisin and Spice Bar Day, which I’ll gladly eschew. Right now the temperature in Chicago is below freezing: 25° F or -4°C, and it’s opening day for the White Sox at (I hate to write this) Guaranteed Rate Field. It may be the coldest opening day in White Sox history. And there’s no sign the weather will warm up for a week or so.  Sadly, this cold weather also drives my ducks away, so I didn’t see Norton or Trixie yesterday. Wherever they are, I hope they’re warm—and cooking up a brood of ducklings.

It is a fasting day for me, so I am grumpy. I will not fast on my upcoming trips that begin next week.

On April 5, 1242, the Russians, led by Alexander Nevsky, defeated the Teutonic Knights at Lake Peipus, on the border of present-day Estonia and Russia. The Knights were on a crusade against Eastern Orthodox “infidels.”

Here’s the famous (but unrealistic) “Ice Battle” scene from Sergei Eisenstein’s eponymous film (his first to use sound), a very famous movie:

On this day in 1614 English colonist John Rolfe married the Native American woman Pocohontas. Two years later they went to England, where Pocohontas died at age 20 or 21.  On April 5, 1900, archaeologists, excavating Minoan ruins at Knossos, Crete, discovered clay tablets with the form of hieroglyphic that became known as “Linear B“: Mycenaean Greek, the earliest known form of Greek writing.  On this day 4 years thereafter, the first international rugby match took place between England on the one hand and “Other Nationalities” (Welsh and Scots) on the other, played in Wigan, England. I can’t find out who won. On April 5, 1922, the precursor of Planned Parenthood, The American Birth Control League, was incorporated. Finally, on April 5, 1951, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, convicted of spying for Russia, were sentenced to death.

Notables born on this day include Elihu Yale (1649), Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732), Booker T. Washington (1856), Spencer Tracy (1900), Bette Davis (1908) and Gregory Peck (1916)—what a trio of actors! Also born on April 5 were Janet Rowley, my former genetics colleague (1925, died 2013), Colin Powell (1937), Jane Asher (1946), and every Jewish lad’s favorite astronaut, Judith Resnik (1949, first Jewish woman in space, died in the Challenger disaster).  Notables who died on April 5 include Douglas MacArthur (1964), geneticist Hermann J. Muller (1967) and geneticist Alfred Sturtevant (1970), Chian Kai-shek (1975), Abe Fortas (1982), Molly Picon (1992), Kurt Cobain (1994; shotgun), Allen ginsberg (1997), Saul Bellow (2005), Gene Pitney (2006) and Charlton Heston (2008).

Here’s a lovely painting by Fragonard and his colleague and studio pal Marguerite Gérard: “The Angora Cat” (1783). At least they painted cats realistically (except for that left paw)!

Meanwhile in Dobrzyn, Hili is looking about for prey:

Hili: Not a living soul.
A: And Cyrus?
Hili: Wrong size.
In Polish:

Hili: Ani żywej duszy.
Ja: A Cyrus?
Hili: Niewłaściwy rozmiar.

Grania says this is a “totally non-guilty kitteh”. And I would totes eat one of those dumplings:

A non-bad kitty, ready for its closeup:

And a kitten at rest:

Yes, the post-Millennials have their own argot:

Matthew: Playing dead; are these mongeese?

The Birth of a Kitten, sent by Heather Hastie:

Finally, reader Barry sent the isolated vocal of Marvin Gaye’s great song, “I heard it through the grapevine“. I don’t know how they isolate the vocals from the music, unless they’re on completely different tracks, but this is quite interesting:


  1. notsecurelyanchored
    Posted April 5, 2018 at 6:56 am | Permalink

    When you have the time, I’d like to know more about your fasting diet. Why did you choose it? How often do you fast and what does your fast consist of? Or maybe you’ve posted about it already and you can point me toward the archives? Thanks.

    • Posted April 5, 2018 at 10:10 am | Permalink

      I’m guessing (and asking to be corrected) that the fasting is just to allow him to partake of excellent local foods with more abandon and less guilt while on his trip. Many people do it after the trip but those that can predict the future with some certainty do it before.

      • Michael Fisher
        Posted April 5, 2018 at 10:20 am | Permalink

        Nothing to do with a trip. PCC[E] began an experimental twice-weekly day of fasting back in September 2017 – he breaks the fast when travelling or not at home. I assume the main reason is to control weight & yet enjoy food & beverages five days of the week.

      • Posted April 6, 2018 at 6:35 am | Permalink

        I fast two days a week (Monday & Thursday), limiting myself to max 600 kcal on those days. The rest of the time I eat around 1500-2000 kcal per day except on holidays, when I over-indulge to my heart’s content, and no fasting. I generally put on about 6-10 lbs on a two week holiday, and it takes 2-3 months on the fast diet to get rid of it.

  2. glen1davidson
    Posted April 5, 2018 at 7:13 am | Permalink

    On April 5, 1900, archaeologists, excavating Minoan ruins at Knossos, Crete, discovered clay tablets with the form of hieroglyphic that became known as “Linear B“: Mycenaean Greek, the earliest known form of Greek writing.

    Not hieroglyphic. And Linear B descends from Linear A, which is Greek writing in the sense of writing found that existed in what we call Greece, but likely not writing of what we call the Greek language.

    Glen Davidson

  3. Cathy
    Posted April 5, 2018 at 7:20 am | Permalink

    Why do you fast?

    • darrelle
      Posted April 5, 2018 at 11:09 am | Permalink

      It is a weight control strategy that Jerry uses under supervision of his doctor. It can vary, and I don’t know the frequency Jerry fasts, but one day a week is pretty common. I don’t know the efficacy either, though Jerry has been trying it for a good while now so I’m guessing he’s getting the results he was hoping for.

  4. Dominic
    Posted April 5, 2018 at 7:23 am | Permalink

    It was the first Riugby LEAGUE international as opposed to Union, in 1871…

    England lost 3-9

    • Dominic
      Posted April 5, 2018 at 7:24 am | Permalink

      Riugby??? oops… 😦

  5. Mike
    Posted April 5, 2018 at 7:40 am | Permalink

    The Game was a Rugby League International, not a Rugby Union Match. If you want to see the modern version just google Wigan Rugby League, who by the way are the largest Rugby League Club in the World, I must state an interest, they are my Hometown Club, and I am a big Fan and have been for over 60 yrs.
    The Game of Rugby League itself broke away from Union in the 1880,s, over the issue of paid Players. It was supposedly an amateur Game, played down South by the Sons of the landed Gentry etc , who could afford the time off to play it. In the North the players were mostly Working Class ,who if theytook time off lost money, so the Northern Union as it was known, compensated their Players. This was a no-no to the Sports Governing Body and led to the breakaway of the NU, which became the Rugby Football League, it differs from RU, in that there are only 13 Players in a Team who tend to be a lot fitter than there RU counterparts as the Game is a lot faster, and more physical.

    1904 Game.
    George Frater From Scotland, Oldham’s George Frater captained the “Other Nationalities” team in the first ever rugby league international.

    While the Northern Union (English Rugby Football League) had more clubs under its banner by the early 1900s than the Rugby Football Union, one feature the NU lacked was international matches.

    For the most part though, it didn’t seem to bother anyone. Players, officials and supporters alike were content with the local parochialism of town and county rivalry. The absence of an England team representative of the NU mattered to few.

    However the increasing number of players from Wales, and to a lesser extent Scotland, gave rise to the obvious suggestion that composite national sides could be formed from players of the NU clubs.

    In April 1899 a “Benefit Match” for Swinton’s James “Jim” Valentine saw the initial move towards an international fixture. Valentine had made his debut for Swinton in 1884, and played for England 4 times in the 1890s before he and his club joined the NU for the 1896/97 season.

    In what was the first ever “Testimonial Match” for a rugby player, Valentine was presented with £300 from the gate-money raised in a “England v Wales” contest.

    The Manchester Guardian reported that “two strong sides got together,” though almost all of the 30 men (15-a-side) were players from Lancashire NU clubs. Held at Salford’s “New Barns” ground, 6,000 spectators cheered Valentine and his “England” team mates to victory over “Wales” 12-6.

    The same ground was the scene of another “England” versus “Wales” contest in April 1900. Held as a fund-raiser for the “Lancashire Fusiliers Compassionate Fund”, the game drew 3,000 fans and ended in a 8-all draw.

    At the start of the 1903/04 season the NU decided to begin scheduling an annual New Year’s Day fixture between teams styled as ‘England’ and ‘Other Nationalities’.

    Rugby League’s first ever International was set down for January 1, 1904, at Oldham. The players of both sides would be awarded ‘caps’ in the tradition of all representative fixtures.

    It was a season of experiments for the NU. Another change introduced was that all representative fixtures, including the ‘Other Nationalities’ match, were to be 12-a-side teams.

    A number of member clubs in the early 1900s were pushing for reduced player numbers on the field. The thought was that while such a trial could not be risked in club matches, County matches would quickly demonstrate the potential of three players less in each team.

    When the New Year arrived it brought a frost to the Oldham ground. It was so severe that the match had to be cancelled. Transferred to Central Park at Wigan, it was re-scheduled for 5 April, 1904.

    It was hardly a spectacular entrance for international Rugby League.

    The match was played on a Tuesday afternoon and, after heavy rain, the ground was in a poor condition. Unavoidably a cup-tie between Broughton Rangers and Bradford also ended up being played on the same day, necessitating numerous last minute changes to the international team line-ups and drawing away much interest.

    While Central Park had just notched up a record gate from 29,000 spectators for Wigan’s two Easter weekend matches, only 6,000 were on hand to see England’s first ever appearance.

    The ‘Other Nationalities’ team was comprised entirely of Welsh players, apart from forwards Jim Moffatt and George Frater who were from Scotland. Frater was chosen as captain.

    Jim Moffatt (Leeds)

    Star centre for the home team, Jim Lomas of Salford, didn’t even arrive until after the kick-off had been taken. England started with just 11 players!

    England: W.B. Little (Halifax), full back; F. Spottiswoode (Oldham), G. Dickenson (Warrington), J. Lomas (Salford), J. Fish (Warrington), threequarters; J. Baxter (Rochdale Hornets), J. Morely (Halifax), half backs; A. Starks [c] (Hull K.R.), P. Tunney (Salford), J. Riley (Halifax), J.W. Bulmer (Halifax), J. Ferguson (Oldham), forwards.

    Other Nationalities: D. Smith (Salford), full back; D. Thomas (Salford), T.D. Llewellyn (Leeds), D. Harris (Wigan), D.J. Lewis (Oldham), threequarters; E. Davies (Wigan), P.J. Brady (Huddersfield), half backs; J. Rhapps (Salford), J.G. Moffatt (Leeds), G. Frater [c] (Oldham), D. Thomas (Oldham), H. Buckler (Salford), forwards.

    Soon after the game began the O.N. side had a chance for an early penalty goal, but half back Davies missed the kick. England’s threequarter Jackie Fish made a few ‘brilliant sweeps’, the second of which resulted in a try to him. Fish also took the conversion, which just went wide of the posts leaving England with a 3-0 lead.

    O.N. soon went on the attack into England’s quarter with a ‘brilliant passing display’ in which their backs Harris and Llewellyn were prominent. After a scrum win by O.N., their forward Thomas crashed through to level the scores.

    Brady and Davies made further breaks for O.N. but they couldn’t turn the opportunities into points. It was 3-3 at half-time.

    England commenced the second half in good form, with Fish again ‘making two beautiful runs’. However O.N.’s Harris was instrumental in taking play back into the England half where a good interchange of passing saw Thomas (of Salford) dive over for a try in the corner to give O.N. a 6-3 lead.

    The O.N. side dominated the remainder of the match showing ‘excellent form and passed very well’. A ‘daring rush’ from England was stopped by Davies to entirely frustrate the home side. O.N.’s threequarters Llewellyn and Harris again combined which resulted in the latter scoring the final try of the match.

    While the O.N. backs had been to the fore throughout the game, it was reported that ‘their forwards were also superior’. With no goals kicked, the Other Nationalities side defeated England by 9 points to 3.

    The concept only lasted a further two seasons and was played with 15-a-side teams.

    In the 1905 encounter at Bradford Park Avenue, England gained some revenge by winning easily 26-11 (after being down 11-0 at the interval). The final match was again taken to Central Park and resulted in a 3-3 draw.

    It was perhaps an inauspicious start for international Rugby League, nevertheless it is an important milestone in the game’s history and worth remembering a century on.

    • George
      Posted April 5, 2018 at 8:18 am | Permalink

      Now we are just waiting for rugby league to go away – except the Australians really like it. For those who want to know the difference –
      Football (soccer) is a gentleman’s game played by ruffians, rugby is a ruffian’s game played by gentlemen, rugby league is a ruffian’s game played by ruffians.

      • Mike
        Posted April 5, 2018 at 8:28 am | Permalink

        Hmmm, we’ll see, The reason for Rugby Unions or as we call it Rugby Yawnion. resurgence,is in no small way the result of the Rugby Leagues Players who have crossed Codes and the same for the Coaches,

        • Posted April 5, 2018 at 10:50 am | Permalink

          A matter of taste I suppose. Personally, I find Rugby League to be a one dimensional parody of Rugby Union.

          You pick up the ball, pass it to somebody who runs head first into the opposition. Then he is allowed to push it back to somebody behind him. Rinse and repeat up to six times. Then the other side gets a go. Boring.

          • Heather Hastie
            Posted April 5, 2018 at 4:28 pm | Permalink


            The frequent punch ups used to break up the boredom, but we don’t even get those any more.

            An exciting League game is pretty rare. Sometimes NZ gets good enough to give Australia a run for their money, but otherwise I’d rather watch golf or lawn bowls.

          • Heather Hastie
            Posted April 5, 2018 at 4:41 pm | Permalink

            Not that I’m dissing those who love the game. Each to their own / boring world if we all liked the same things etc.

    • Liz
      Posted April 5, 2018 at 9:06 am | Permalink

      I enjoyed reading this.

  6. Saul Sorrell-Till
    Posted April 5, 2018 at 7:45 am | Permalink

    Marvin Gaye man, what a voice. I’d love to have such mastery over an instrument that’s part of my body. Although that sounds a bit weird now I’ve typed it out.

    • Frank
      Posted April 5, 2018 at 7:57 am | Permalink

      What a voice. When asked if he liked Marvin, Miles Davis supposedly replied ‘If he had one tit, I’d marry him….’.

  7. Hempenstein
    Posted April 5, 2018 at 7:56 am | Permalink

    It occurred to me that Nevsky might have also been intended to drum up support for the Winter War with Finland, but W’pedia doesn’t mention that. Any reason to suspect this may have also been the case, or wasn’t it released until after the Winter War?

    • Posted April 5, 2018 at 12:26 pm | Permalink

      In fact it was released in Russia more than a year before the Winter War, and in the US on March 22, 1939. The war began on November 30, 1939. I don’t think there’s much of a connection.

      In 1938 the Russians were afraid of the Germans attacking through Estonia. That may have something to do with somebody “suggesting” a suitable patriotic subject for the director. Reportedly Eisenstein himself was no fan of Nevsky.

      • David Coxill
        Posted April 5, 2018 at 2:54 pm | Permalink

        Isn’t anyone going to mention the score by
        Prokofiev ?
        In the notes that came with my CD of Nevsky ,it says that after the Nazi /Soviet pact of August 1939 Eisenstein went off to direct Wagner at a theatre ,forget the name .

    • Helen Hollis
      Posted April 5, 2018 at 9:55 pm | Permalink

      I am half Finnish and welcome your inquiry,

  8. Ken Kukec
    Posted April 5, 2018 at 8:08 am | Permalink

    I recall the vocal tracks being isolated on some of the early Beatles’ tunes produced by George Martin. Cranking them over to the instrumental side on the stereo was like karaoke avant la lettre. 🙂

    • Larry Smith
      Posted April 5, 2018 at 10:05 am | Permalink

      Here, for example, is the vocals only (mostly) track from the Beatles’ Abbey Road medley:

    • Posted April 5, 2018 at 10:59 am | Permalink

      When the Beatles first started, Abbey Road studio had just acquired a one track stereo tape recorder. However, nobody in the Beatles’ target market would have owned a stereo record player.

      So George Martin used the tape recorder like a two track mono recorder. He recorded the instruments on one stereo channel and the vocals on the other.

      Even as late as 1967, when they had much better equipment, the mono version of an album or single took priority. They spent three weeks mixing the mono version of Sergeant Pepper and only three days on the stereo mix. Apparently the difference shows but I’ve never listened to the mono mix.

      • Ken Kukec
        Posted April 5, 2018 at 12:06 pm | Permalink

        Yeah, come to think of it, I think i first noticed it when listening to Abbey Road on an 8-track tape deck in my car, rather than on any of the original vinyl LPs playing on a turntable.

        • Posted April 6, 2018 at 7:22 am | Permalink

          Abbey Road was the last album they recorded. That has a more conventional stereo mix.

  9. ThyroidPlanet
    Posted April 5, 2018 at 8:18 am | Permalink

    I know diet/health advice is frowned upon here, but – consider at least asking the doc if plain baked potato – and nothing but potato – is ok to eat, if this isn’t a fast for an important biochemical test or something.

    • Randall Schenck
      Posted April 5, 2018 at 8:22 am | Permalink

      Carbs, the Carbs. Worse thing for us old guys attempting to keep the weight off.

      • ThyroidPlanet
        Posted April 5, 2018 at 8:46 am | Permalink

        [diet/advice suppressed ]

        Book suggestion:
        Penn Jillette

        Also : Ray Cronise

        … also I lost 30 lbs.

        Just ask or even try it it’s just potatoes ok I’m done.

      • ThyroidPlanet
        Posted April 5, 2018 at 8:49 am | Permalink


        Cold potatoes to decrease the calories.

  10. Ken Kukec
    Posted April 5, 2018 at 9:07 am | Permalink

    … Sergei Eisenstein’s eponymous film …

    Were it Sergei Eisenstein’s eponymous film, wouldn’t it be entitled “Sergei Eisenstein” rather than “Alexander Nevsky”?

  11. nicky
    Posted April 5, 2018 at 9:26 am | Permalink

    Pocahontas is an interesting figure, although it is difficult to know which stories about her are true or just legend. The marriage with the widower John Rolfe was instrumental in an 8 year peace between the settlers and surrounding tribes. It appears he was really in love with her though, from his side at least (with near certainty), and that it was not a ‘political’ marriage.

    • Posted April 5, 2018 at 11:48 am | Permalink

      An Inuk friend of mine insists that Disney should have portrayed her as being “topless” in the summer, since at least one bit of historical accuracy to shock people (and be correct) would be nice. 😉

    • Saul Sorrell-Till
      Posted April 5, 2018 at 11:53 am | Permalink

      I get all my knowledge of American colonial history from Neil Young songs like Pocahontas and Cortez The Killer. Let’s just say he’s not entirely watertight on the historical details.

  12. Posted April 5, 2018 at 10:05 am | Permalink

    Marvin Gaye was singing a capella according to the linked article so isolation is intentional and analog. Also I have a vague recollection of him doing this on some variety show long ago. Incredible voice and a great idea to perform it this way.

  13. Michael Fisher
    Posted April 5, 2018 at 10:09 am | Permalink

    That isolated vocal is ripped off the Marvin Gaye The Real Thing: In Performance 1964-1981 DVD
    It’s got eleven Marvin vocal-only tracks recorded in the Motown studios
    I don’t know why Motown on the DVD chose to marry the vocals to Marvin lip syncing** – they could just have had him driving, shopping whatever.

    If you like Marv get that DVD – it’s got lots of goodies such as ten tracks live In Ostende, Belgium July 4 1981. He sings best live – once he’s got the groove on he finds another gear. In the studio he didn’t warm up & he’d have a box of camels right there.

    ** you’ll note there’s not a mic near his mouth in the video, but you can hear nuances in his voice that a boom mic can’t pick up

  14. Posted April 5, 2018 at 10:14 am | Permalink

    Regarding youngsters and technology: I recently had to explain to my nine-year-old what a mouse/mouse pad is.

  15. Posted April 5, 2018 at 10:18 am | Permalink

    Is mongoose #1 playing dead to lure the bird (species?) closer and distract it while mongoose #2 sneaks in to help? After he stops playing dead he looks over at his pal as if to say “Come on! You were supposed to run in!”

    • Michael Fisher
      Posted April 5, 2018 at 10:34 am | Permalink

      It’s a hornbill & dwarf mongoose pups. Hornbill & mongoose have a mutualistic foraging relationship. In THIS LINK is a video at the top of the page whivh is the better, longer original version.

      And here’s the discussion about what’s going on from the same link:

      In a video posted by as a part of the program Safari Live, a juvenile dwarf mongoose can be seen repeatedly walking up to a southern yellow-billed hornbill and then keeling over like a fainting goat. “It went on for probably about 10 minutes,” says Tayla McCurdy, the WildEarth safari guide who can be heard in the video laughing so hard she has to stop to breathe. “I don’t think I’ll ever see anything like that ever again in my life.”

      Scientists have documented many different species that “play dead,” including beetles, opossums, and snakes. The behavior, also known as thanatosis, is a strategy to trick predators into thinking their potential prey has expired.

      Is that what’s going on here? Experts think not.

      “In my opinion this is not a case of them playing dead, rather attempting to play with the hornbill,” says Julie Kern, an honorary research associate at the U.K.’s University of Bristol and founder of the Dwarf Mongoose Research Project.

      Lynda Sharpe, a behavioral ecologist at Stellenbosch University in South Africa, adds by email that dwarf mongooses will often roll on their backs when playing with other mongooses.

      “Lying on one’s back is an almost irresistible lure to a playful mongoose because it says, ‘Come and get me, I’ll let you win,'” says Sharpe.

      But a mongoose and a hornbill? That’s a little weird.

      “I’ve spent 11 years studying full-time the behavior of dwarf mongooses, but I’ve never seen them invite play from a bird before,” says Sharpe.

      Even if mongooses and hornbills aren’t known for their play dates, they do have a well-documented work relationship.

      “Hornbills often forage with dwarf mongoose groups,” says Kern. “They provide an extra lookout system which benefits the mongooses, while themselves benefiting from insect prey stirred up by the mongooses’ foraging.”

      Both mongooses and hornbills like to fatten up on grasshoppers, locusts, crickets, beetles, and basically any other critter they can get their jaws around

  16. Posted April 5, 2018 at 11:25 am | Permalink

    Outside of the battle scenes, ALEXANDER NEVSKY can drag quite a bit, and it is filled with tendentious propaganda. But Prokofiev’s music for the battle on the ice rocks.

    Eisenstein was a cinematic genius who made propaganda films for a monstrous, mass-murdering dictator. Today he is beloved by Hollywood.

    Riefenstahl was a cinematic genius who made propaganda films for a monstrous, mass-murdering dictator. Today she is reviled by Hollywood.

    How come?

    • Posted April 5, 2018 at 11:49 am | Permalink

      I’ve not seen either director’s films, but : *some* propaganda films *can* be artistic, etc. too, at least in principle, no?

    • David Coxill
      Posted April 5, 2018 at 2:57 pm | Permalink

      She is a woman?

      • Heather Hastie
        Posted April 5, 2018 at 4:38 pm | Permalink

        Riefenstahl is known as Hitler’s maker. She’s a woman.

        • David Coxill
          Posted April 5, 2018 at 5:52 pm | Permalink

          I know ,i think that is the reason she was given the cold shoulder
          Albert Speer knew about the holocaust although he denied it ,and let Fritz Sauckel hang for the use of slave labour.
          And he ended up as everyone’s fav Nazi.

          Would not say she was his maker ,i think she only started making films in 1934 .

        • glen1davidson
          Posted April 5, 2018 at 6:12 pm | Permalink

          Well, she wasn’t really Hitler’s maker. She wasn’t really very political, which perhaps is why she was willing to make Nazi propaganda (she did kiss Hitler once, too, so there’s that). She didn’t belong to the Nazi party, didn’t get along with Goebbels, and wasn’t eager to do the propaganda films.

          But she still did “Victory of Faith” in 1933, and “Triumph of the Will” in 1934 (and I’m not sure what others, except “Olympia”). She was later like, did I have a choice? Maybe not, at the time, but she’s one who could have left rather than staying to do whatever the Nazis wanted her to.

          But I don’t think her films made Hitler in any case. “Victory of Faith” wasn’t especially wonderful, and another director might have had roughly the same impact. “Triumph of the Will” won prizes, but the Nazis weren’t too sure it was for the masses, so it didn’t play all that much, until they largely pulled it after the Night of the Long Knives (Rohm was praised in Triumph, and appeared even closer to Hitler in Victory)–and they actually tried to destroy all copies of Victory of Faith. Then Olympia was late, two years after the 1936 olympics, when Hitler hardly needed “making.”

          By now, of course, her those films are great documentaries of Nazi rallies and, well, of Nazi propaganda.

          Glen Davidson

          • glen1davidson
            Posted April 5, 2018 at 11:22 pm | Permalink

            I think I got that wrong, and Rohm doesn’t appear in “Triumph of the Will.” Apparently the 1934 Nuremberg Rally was held shortly after the Night of the Long Knives. Still, for whatever reasons, Triumph wasn’t really shown all that much in Germany.

            Glen Davidson

          • David Coxill
            Posted April 6, 2018 at 7:51 am | Permalink

            Hi ,I remember seeing a German film about her a few years before she died ,the host asked her if she had an affair with joe the film (Goebbels ) .Her reaction was a bit on the stormy side ,and she walked out on him.

  17. Andrea Kenner
    Posted April 5, 2018 at 7:34 pm | Permalink

    I agree that Guaranteed Rate Field sounds awful, but wasn’t Wrigley Field named after the chewing gum company? And it has had that name since 1927! I just looked it up.

    (BTW, I love Wrigley Field… I saw a game there two years ago when on a trip to Chicago!)

    • Posted April 6, 2018 at 11:18 am | Permalink

      At least “Wrigley” sounds like it could be someone’s name.

  18. Scientifik
    Posted April 5, 2018 at 8:24 pm | Permalink

    Also #OTD (in 1883), two Polish scientists, Zygmunt Wróblewski and Karol Olszewski “for the first time in the world liquefied components of air, thereby opening to science and industry new fields of research and application.”

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