Canada: Higher rate of hate crimes against Jews than against Muslims and blacks

Elder of Ziyon posted the recent data on hate crimes in Canada, with the data come from the Canadian government itself: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Incident-based Uniform Crime Reporting Survey.

First, the graph, which just gives raw numbers of hate crimes for various groups over the last three years (data below):

Except for 2016, the numbers are highest for blacks, but these figures haven’t been adjusted for population size. As Elders of Ziyon notes:

In 2016, there were more anti-Jewish hate crimes than even anti-Black hate crimes in Canada, which is almost certainly unprecedented.

Anti-Jewish crimes always are the most prominent compared to crimes against other religious groups (anti-Muslim crimes actually went down while anti-Jewish crimes went up.)

But to have antisemitic hate crimes outpace even racist crimes is extremely worrisome.

There are some 380,000 Jews in Canada and nearly twice that many Blacks. There are over a million Muslims, meaning that Jews are about six times as likely to be victims of hate crimes than Muslims.

Now Wikipedia gives a Canadian population of 1,198,540 blacks and, for 2013, 1,153,677 Muslims—surely higher now. The actual per capita rates of hate crime per year in 2016, using these population figures and the raw data below, are these:

Jews:         0.121%
Blacks:       0.018%
Muslims:     0.012%

These data suggest that the rate of hate crimes against Jews is 6.7 times higher than for blacks and more than ten times higher than for Muslims.

Even if you assume 500,00 Jews in Canada, the upper limit given by Wikipedia, the per capita rate for Jews is still 0.04%—more than twice the per capita rate for blacks and more than three times the per capita rate for Muslims.

Here are the raw data:

Now I don’t closely follow Canadian politics, but I bet a lot more press is given to hate crimes against Muslims than against either Jews or blacks—but I might be wrong. The higher per capita rate for Jews than Muslims also holds in the U.S., but you wouldn’t know that from most of the liberal media. And that reminds me of a joke:

A guy walks into a bar and notices a man talking to the bartender down at the other end. The guy does a double take because the man talking to the bartender really resembles Hitler.

So the guy goes up to the man and says “Excuse me, but did anybody ever tell you that you look like Hitler?”

The man replies, “Oh, but I am  Hitler. I have been reincarnated and I am back on Earth to kill 10 million Jews and 33 geese!”

“Oh, my God! That’s terrible! But why 33 geese?”

Hitler then turns to the bartender and says “See? I told you nobody cares about the Jews.”


h/t: Orli


  1. Posted December 11, 2017 at 9:32 am | Permalink

    I think it would be interesting if they reported the ethnic background of the people committing crimes against each group but I have a feeling that would make many uncomfortable.

    • Craw
      Posted December 11, 2017 at 9:38 am | Permalink

      Actually keeping record of that was verboten. Might still be.

      • mikeyc
        Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:13 am | Permalink

        That’s unfortunate for you Canucks. In US these stats are collected and when the offender’s race is known, in 2016, 26.1% of hate crimes were commited by blacks while whites commited 46.3% of reported hate crimes.

        • mikeyc
          Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:19 am | Permalink

          Oops that’s race not ethicity. The ethicity stats are there on that page too. Majority of ethnicity is unknown.

          • mikeyc
            Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:20 am | Permalink


    • somer
      Posted December 11, 2017 at 9:52 am | Permalink

      Funny that. Like the Rotherham and other northern UK town grooming gangs of “asians”. Police attitudes are given the lions share of the blame in Rotherham and then it just kept happening in other towns.

  2. Craw
    Posted December 11, 2017 at 9:34 am | Permalink

    Oopsie headline! Against not among.

  3. Posted December 11, 2017 at 9:46 am | Permalink

    Ha ha. This time, no more Mr. Nice Guy.

  4. Orli Peter
    Posted December 11, 2017 at 9:50 am | Permalink

    So Jews were already the recipients of the most religious hate crimes, but now they are the recipients of the most hate crimes across religion and race, and Canada’s dominant focus is on Islamophobia because … their reaction is not led by evidence, but by what?

    • Travis
      Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:20 am | Permalink


  5. Jonathan Dore
    Posted December 11, 2017 at 9:53 am | Permalink

    If this was the US South, in the 1920s or 30s, it would be clear who was perpetrating the anti-semitic hate crimes. Is it people of that kind of profile in Canada in the 2010s? If not, then who?

    • Ken Kukec
      Posted December 11, 2017 at 11:38 am | Permalink

      You mean the kind of characters who lynched Leo Frank and perpetrated a gross miscarriage of justice against the Scottsboro Boys?

      Guess we’ll get a clue as to how many of those characters are still around in Alabama with the special US senate election there tomorrow.

      • mikeyc
        Posted December 11, 2017 at 12:06 pm | Permalink

        That’s tomorrow isn’t it? Moore’s going to win and the Senate will not eject him.

        You heard it here first. :-[

        • Mark R.
          Posted December 11, 2017 at 2:47 pm | Permalink

          I heard and read in the L.A. Times that it’s all up to the state’s African Americans (I’d also add young voters). But if someone as heinous as Moore doesn’t motivate a wave of anti-Moore voters (not necessarily pro-Jones voters) then I have to say Alabama is a lost cause. The fact the race is so close is embarrassing enough. Here is another example of how people motivated by jebus love make really bad decisions.

          I wonder how the global business community will react if Moore wins. No new factories in AL?

          Not so sure the Senate won’t eject him though. Hypocrisy is the republican’s middle name, but after Franken and this continuing dialogue, there is going to be extreme pressure against this damaged man.

        • Ken Kukec
          Posted December 11, 2017 at 5:34 pm | Permalink

          Yeah, that’s been my take on it, too, Mikey. But Jones is showing some encouraging signs of momentum; I hear he’s up 10 points in a poll released by Fox today.

          If Moore loses, it will be a terrible blow to Donald Trump’s political clout. Not only did he back a loser in the primary, but he can’t deliver in the general in one of the reddest states in the Union.

          If, on the other hand, Moore wins, and especially if McConnell and the other establishment Republicans then follow through on their promise to try to expel him, it will accelerate the fissuring of the GOP — by “heightening of the contradictions” as the old Marxist-Lenninists used to say. One way or another, the GOP is gonna split apart as the Mueller investigation closes in on Trump, since there’s nothing holding its various factions together — especially the Bannonite wing of Trump dead-enders — except their loathing for the Left.

          • BJ
            Posted December 11, 2017 at 7:55 pm | Permalink

            “If Moore loses, it will be a terrible blow to Donald Trump’s political clout. Not only did he back a loser in the primary, but he can’t deliver in the general in one of the reddest states in the Union.”

            I don’t see how this could be the case. If Moore loses, there isn’t a single person who will believe that it’s the result of waning clout on the part of the President. Under normal circumstances, a Republican candidate losing a Senate race in Alabama could be a sign that Trump has lost an enormous amount of political clout (and the Republican party has somehow become so disastrously mismanaged that Senate races in Alabama are actually toss-ups). Under Republican-candidate-is-accused-of-molesting-multiple-underage-girls circumstances, a Republican candidate losing a Senate race in Alabama is a sign that, even in Alabama, being accused of molesting multiple underage girls can affect a Republican’s campaign.

            • Ken Kukec
              Posted December 12, 2017 at 7:32 am | Permalink

              Right. But Trump has gone all-in on Moore, endorsing him as essential to enactment of the Trump “agenda.” And it would be the second Alabama election in a couple months in which Trump backed a loser, on top of his failure to deliver in the elections last month, especially in Virginia. GOP candidates campaigning in 2018, in any but the reddest of districts, will take it as a sign of looming disaster and will run away from Trump.

  6. W.Benson
    Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:00 am | Permalink

    After WWII Canada accepted many refugees from East Europe who fought at the side of Nazi Germany against the Soviet Union. I would be interested in knowing if any significant part of Canadian Antisemitism is related to this. Major European nationalities immigrating were Poles, Germans (from countries from which they had been expelled), Italians, and Ukrainians. Few Jews were accepted.

    • Diana MacPherson
      Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:14 am | Permalink

      The largest religion in Canada is Catholicism and it has dominated since its inception. I wonder if that demographic is part of the reason as well. Canada turned down a boat load of refugee Jews fleeing Nazis so this antisemitism has existed for a long time.

    • BJ
      Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:15 am | Permalink

      We have the same problem in the US, where Jews suffer far more hate crimes per capita than any other group, but I don’t know of a large influx of such refugees from that time. From everything I’ve read, Nazi Germany did not effectively pass its antisemitism on to its younger generations (I imagine Germany’s amazing to combat antisemitism over the decades after WWII had a big effect on this). I imagine this would be just as or even more true of those who moved to other countries. But I don’t know for sure, so perhaps someone else has more information.

      • mikeyc
        Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:24 am | Permalink

        Yep. See the FBI link above – Jews are far and away the winners. 😦

    • Posted January 27, 2018 at 10:41 am | Permalink

      Today, most hate crimes against Jews are perpetrated by Muslims. In Calgary in 2014, several Jews counter-protesting a Palestinian demonstration were severely beaten. Organizer Saima Jamal rejoiced on Twitter after the attack: “Bahaha… after today, they would be foolish to show up at another protest in Calgary as long as they live.” Canadian authorities and media tried to cover up the incident. Saima Jamal almost received a peace award; Jewish organizations intervened and prevented it at the last moment.

  7. Diana MacPherson
    Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:11 am | Permalink

    I often refer to the stats in Canada in hate crimes against Jews because they are a small population yet receive the most hate. And year, Muslim hate is given much more attention, something I pointed our to my own work’s training on islamophobia but it fell on deaf ears.

  8. Mark Reaume
    Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:25 am | Permalink

    Worrisome and unfortunately this isn’t a new phenomenon.

    I’m curious though, what constitutes a hate crime for the various groups? Certainly violence and vandalism would be an apples-to-apples comparison, but what about Holocaust denial – which is a hate crime in Canada, is there an analogue for blacks and muslims? And are they reported at similar rates?

    I hope this wasn’t an offensive question.

    • mikeyc
      Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:34 am | Permalink

      It’s an excellent question. I don’t know about Canada. In the US, where we’re experts on hate, hate crimes are binned into three groups – crimes against persons, crimes against property (the single largest group amd where the lions share of the anti-Semitic crime occurs) and crimes against society. Holocaust denial is not a crime here -nor should it be.

      • Diana MacPherson
        Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:42 am | Permalink

        This article actually lays out what is considered a hate crime in Canada pretty well. If you aren’t committing or threatening violence, you could be in trouble for advocating genocide or causing some sort of public incitement that is likely to lead to breaching the peace.

        • Mark Reaume
          Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:54 am | Permalink

          Thanks, that was useful.

          Of course religious views get a pass:
          (b) if, in good faith, the person expressed or attempted to establish by an argument an opinion on a religious subject or an opinion based on a belief in a religious text;

          • Diana MacPherson
            Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:56 am | Permalink

            Yeah that totally sucks to me too – if you vandalize a religious building it’s worse than vandalizing another type of building.

            • Mark R.
              Posted December 11, 2017 at 3:00 pm | Permalink

              That is lame. This distinction doesn’t exist in the US (afaik). But I could see a church vandal getting a stiffer sentence than a business vandal. Especially if the judge is someone like Roy Moore.

              • mikeyc
                Posted December 11, 2017 at 3:51 pm | Permalink

                But the distinction does, Mark. That’s the hate crime statute. If I smash windows at Starbucks I’d pay a fine, maybe some jail time for vandalism and property damage. But if it was a synagogue (or mosque or church) I could be subject to a sentencing “enhancement” if they could prove I did it with anti-Semitic motives.

              • Mark R.
                Posted December 11, 2017 at 4:25 pm | Permalink

                For some reason I couldn’t respond to you (mikeyc) below.

                Anyway, thanks for the clarification. I obviously didn’t link the religious building vandalism to a hate crime.

              • Mark R.
                Posted December 11, 2017 at 4:26 pm | Permalink

                Aha, I see how it works… Is that new? I seem to remember always seeing a ‘reply’ after each comment.

        • mikeyc
          Posted December 11, 2017 at 11:39 am | Permalink

          I should point out that in the US the hate crimes against persons are adjudicated at sentencing. That is, defendants are tried on the crime, not the hate. In fact in most instances the hate motivation can’t even be brought up at trial (there are important exceptions – for example a kkk lynching). The motivation is taken into account at sentencing.

          There have been some notable cases that skirted this rule very closely – and in some people’s minds went over the line.

    • Diana MacPherson
      Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:50 am | Permalink

      Holocaust denial isn’t a hate crime in Canada unless you are saying something that is going to result in immediate violence. It’s why we got stuck with Ernst Zundel for so flipping long. Though, we had no hate crime laws then and it’s because of Zundel that we have them now. Thanks a lot stupid Ernst Zundel.

      • Randall Schenck
        Posted December 11, 2017 at 12:55 pm | Permalink

        Yes, they need some legislation to create the stupid crimes. The holocaust deniers or birthers would be in this class. The penalty phase would required years of going back to sitting in classes on history. Trump might want to start another university on this.

        • BJ
          Posted December 11, 2017 at 3:05 pm | Permalink

          That sounds like what a lot of totalitarian regimes call “reeducation.”

          • Randall Schenck
            Posted December 11, 2017 at 4:14 pm | Permalink

            No, I think we call this first time education. If you were one of these two things, what school of education would you have received this? The answer is – None.

            • BJ
              Posted December 11, 2017 at 6:21 pm | Permalink

              That’s irrelevant. What’s relevant is the use of government authority to force people into undergoing education for what amounts to thought-crime, regardless of the purpose or content of the education. There is no Democratic nation on earth of which I’m aware that engages in this practice; if there is, they’re engaging in a practice that violates their citizens’ freedoms of conscience, thought, and speech.

  9. Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:57 am | Permalink

    This reminds me of a joke I heard the other day.
    A Rabbi dies, goes to heaven and is sent in for his welcoming talk to God.
    “Hey,” said the Rabbi, “would you like to hear a joke?”
    “Errr…ok,” says God.
    “So,” said the Rabbi “There’s a train full of Jews on the way to Auschwitz – ”
    “Woah, wait!” interrupts God. “Why would I find a joke about the Holocaust funny?”
    “oh yes, sorry” said the Rabbi, I guess you had to be there….”

    • Posted December 11, 2017 at 11:31 am | Permalink

      That’s a good one too. Though the 33 geese really caught me for laughing loop.

      • Mark R.
        Posted December 11, 2017 at 3:05 pm | Permalink

        I’ve heard Rabbi one before, though I forgot about it. It is a good one. The 33 geese I hadn’t heard…oooh that one burned. Some of the best jokes are the harshest, especially when they hold a kernel of truth.

  10. KD33
    Posted December 11, 2017 at 12:34 pm | Permalink

    This is amazing (and sad). The last time I checked US statistics, hate crimes-per-capita in the US where about neck and neck for Jews and Muslims. Any idea why the huge difference vs. Canada? I’d have thought conspiracy theories about Jews running the world would be more rampant in the U.S.

    • Posted December 11, 2017 at 1:07 pm | Permalink

      You’re a bit off. As I wrote in a post last year:

      If we normalize the proportion of hate crimes by the size of the religious population, then anti-Jewish hate crimes are, on a per capita basis, 1.7 times more frequent than anti-Muslim hate crimes, and 105 times more frequent than anti-Catholic hate crimes!

    • mikeyc
      Posted December 11, 2017 at 1:33 pm | Permalink

      Nope. In 2016, 54.6% of hate crimes in the US were directed against Jews and 24.5% against Muslims – a 2:1 difference.

      • mikeyc
        Posted December 11, 2017 at 1:34 pm | Permalink

        Oh wait. Nevermind. You said “per capita”. Those an raw numbers.

    • Gregory Kusnick
      Posted December 11, 2017 at 1:56 pm | Permalink

      It’s not obvious to me that hate crimes per capita is the right metric. If what you want to know is the likelihood of being a victim of hate crime, then yes, obviously per capita is the way to go.

      But as a measure of the degree of anti-Semitism in a society, the per capita figure seems irrelevant. What you want to know in that case is the percentage of offenders who are motivated by that particular hatred.

    • Diana MacPherson
      Posted December 11, 2017 at 2:55 pm | Permalink

      It’s pure speculation on my part but I’m still thinking the long history of Catholicism in Canada has something to do with it.

      • Lars
        Posted December 11, 2017 at 4:47 pm | Permalink

        Not so much in the West, however, yet anti-Semitism thrives here, often among people who wouldn’t see a Jew from month to month or year to year.
        I think that the heritage of Social Credit on the Prairies may have something to do with this.

        • D McCallum
          Posted December 11, 2017 at 5:12 pm | Permalink

          Social Credit in Alberta was antisemitic from it’s origin. They openly supported the Nazis until the outbreak of the war. Their bastard child still had a problem when Preston Manning resurrected it as Reform in the eighties.

        • Diana MacPherson
          Posted December 11, 2017 at 5:20 pm | Permalink

          It doesn’t need Catholics anymore. A bad idea can seep into and survive in a culture over the centuries so that its origin is lost.

      • D McCallum
        Posted December 11, 2017 at 4:57 pm | Permalink

        That seems like a bit of a smear of a lot of people based on a speculation. Do you really think solid Orange Toronto was less anti-Semitic than Catholic Montreal. If you are looking at Quebec I would expect it to be more nationalism than religion.
        Let me add my own smear of another group. I grew up in a largely immigrant neighborhood in Ontario . The best anti -Semites were from eastern and northern Europe with no distinction of religion .
        The Serbs (orthodox) and Croats(catholic ) disliked each other but both hated Jews equally. Same story with Poles Ukrainians and Russians. ( The Italians didn’t seem to hate anybody.) I saw very little antisemitism in the longer established french / Irish catholic communities . I’ve since moved west and can assure you that Keegsta is not a french Catholic name

        • Diana MacPherson
          Posted December 11, 2017 at 5:18 pm | Permalink

          It isn’t a smear on all Catholics. I never said I thought that all Catholics were sntisemites. It’s an accurate observation, backed by solid historical evidence, (Jews were persecuted in Europe by Catholics – there were not protestants yet to take up the cause – for millennia) of a set of bad ideas Europeans brought with them to Canada. Catholicism was rife with antisemitism and taught, even up to recent times, from the clergy to their parishioners. Where do you think “Christ killer” comes from? It wasn’t Mormons who came up with that. If a whole culture is formed with a certain set of ideas, some bad ones are bound to stick. Remember where Federation started and who was involved.

          • D McCallum
            Posted December 11, 2017 at 7:07 pm | Permalink

            “Where do you think “Christ killer” comes from?”
            The first time I heard that one was from an Orthodox Serb.
            “of a set of bad ideas Europeans brought with them to Canada” European , not necessarily Catholic. Christian almost always. Look at Lars post above. “Bible Bill” was a baptist.

            I was objecting to your original statement that “the long history of Catholicism in Canada has something to do with it.” The people who brought the hate to Canada come from may backgrounds.
            Even if you want to say that the seeds of antisemitism in the west come from the church that is not the history of Canada.

            • Diana MacPherson
              Posted December 11, 2017 at 8:01 pm | Permalink

              Oh I’m claiming other Christian flavours aren’t antisemmetic and Europeans had really mastered the whole thing. But, I think Catholicism has a long history of it and subscribers to its bad ideas did happen to be highly influential in the history of Canada. This author agrees. See page 13

              • D McCallum
                Posted December 12, 2017 at 1:05 am | Permalink

                The link shows a brief preview , no page 13. From what I can read, things seem to be a mix of religion and nationalism for Quebec. In the ROC antisemitism was everyone’s game.

                I am not saying there in no great evil in the history of the Catholic church. From raping little boys to the Spanish Inquisition ,an ugly history. Outside of Quebec, Antisemitism was not much of a catholic thing

  11. Randall Schenck
    Posted December 11, 2017 at 1:02 pm | Permalink

    By the way…I think you have to be Jewish to get by with that joke. Especially to put it right out there in writing.

    • Posted December 11, 2017 at 7:01 pm | Permalink

      I don’t think so–it’s not a joke that denigrates Jews, but simply black humor that reflects the truth about Nazis.

  12. Frank Bath
    Posted December 11, 2017 at 2:04 pm | Permalink

    Awful. Can I ask how the ‘hates’ come to the authority’s attention? Are they are self reported or what?

    • D McCallum
      Posted December 11, 2017 at 3:30 pm | Permalink

      There has been some discussion that groups like B’nai Brith, JDL, have been much better at reporting any incident and this could account for some of the higher numbers. Any Pro Palestinian event can be reported as
      (or devolve into ) something anti Semitic.

      • roadworker
        Posted December 12, 2017 at 6:08 pm | Permalink

        These are hate crimes, not incidents. They do not include cases of bias or just antisemitic prejudice/hatred.

  13. Mark R.
    Posted December 11, 2017 at 3:15 pm | Permalink

    This is disheartening. Especially since I idealize Canada as being more enlightened than America.

    • Travis
      Posted December 11, 2017 at 6:06 pm | Permalink

      Oh we’re not. Different issues in each country, though.

  14. Posted December 11, 2017 at 10:03 pm | Permalink

    These stats are quite surprising. I wonder what are the variances, if any, across these groups in reporting hate crimes committed against them. Something tells me that most hate crimes against Jewish people are more likely to be reported by them to the authorities vs those committed against black people. Racial profiling against blacks, while not a hate crime, is alive and well in Canada.

    • roadworker
      Posted December 12, 2017 at 6:12 pm | Permalink

      Organised religious communities probably are better at reporting crimes than non-organised racial groupings, but the figures are still shocking. Especially when you consider that hatred and prejudice are much more widespread than actual criminal actions.

%d bloggers like this: