It’s October 2, and you know what that means: it’s Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday! Born in Gujurat in 1869, Gandhi trained in the law in London, made a name practicing in South Africa, and then returned to India in 1915. The rest is history, brought to an abrupt end with his assassination by a Hindu nationalist in 1948, the year after partition. It goes without saying that he played a huge role in India’s independence from Britain. Churchill called him a “naked fakir,” Orwell gave him a mixed assessment, but in the end Gandhi well deserves his status as a national hero. Here he is with another great Indian, Rabindranath Tagore, in 1940:
On this day in 1950, the comic strip Peanuts was first published, and, in 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first black Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
Notables born on this day include, beside Gandhiji, Nat Turner (1800), Wallace Stevens (1879; “Beauty is momentary in the mind—/ The fitful tracing of a portal;/ But in the flesh it is immortal”), Groucho Marx (1890), Christian de Duve (1917), Johnnie Cochran (1937), Donna Karan (1948♥), Annie Leibovitz (1949), and Sting (1951). Those who died on this day include Svante Arrhenius (1927), Paavo Nurmi (1973), and Rock Hudson (1985). Meanwhile in Dobrzyn, Hili is staying closer to home after her two-day absence, but is interested in some nearby birds (note that she is meowing):
A: Hili, look, they are releasing racing pigeons.Hili: That’s beautiful, let’s get closer.
Ja: Hili, patrz, będą wypuszczać pocztowe gołębie.
Hili: To piękne, chodź, podejdziemy bliżej.