It’s September 13, and I’m glad to report that it’s International Chocolate Day (decreed, of course, by the U.S. National Confectioners Association to coincide with the birthday of Milton Hershey, and you know who he is). On this day in 1848, Vermont railroad worker Phineas Gage (1823-1860) survived a 3′ 7″ crowbar weighing 13 pounds being driven through his skull during an explosion. It destroyed much of his temporal lobe, with marked effects on his personality after he recovered, leading to an obvious connection between brain structure and personality, though this was before the days when good neurological studies could be done. Here’s a photo of his skull after death, the bar that went through it (look at the size of that thing!), a reconstruction of the damage and a photo of Gage, who died at 37 after a bout of seizures:
Notables born on this day include Walter Reed (1851), John J. Pershing (1860), and Judith “Miss Manners” Martin (1938). Those who died on this day include Amon Göth, who ran the Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp and was played by Ralph Fiennes in the movie “Schindler’s List” (executed 1946; you can see his hanging here on YouTube, which took several attempts before it worked), Tupac Shakur (shot to death in 1996), and Ann Richards (2006), a decent governor of Texas later defeated by George W. Bush. Since then it’s been downhill all the way in Texas. Meanwhile in Dobrzyn, Hili is being her usual demanding self, in this case demanding shade from Malgorzata. In other words, Malgorzata is throwing shade on the Princess!
Hili: It’s good that you are giving me shade, the sun is scorching.M: But can we go now?Hili: Wait a moment, I have to look at something.
Hili: Dobrze, że dostarczasz mi cienia, bo to słońce strasznie praży.
Małgorzata: A czy możemy pójść dalej?
Hili: Zaczekaj, muszę coś zobaczyć.
And, as lagniappe, reader Blue from Iowa sent me the sign she’s put by her front door to keep the goddies away. They’re only $15.99 from this site and, she says, “seem sturdy”.