Purdue University rejects “God” language on donor’s plaque

In a move reminiscent of the Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History’s removal of a donor’s plaque celebrating “God’s creatures”, Purdue University, in Lafayette, Indiana, is being sued because it refused to put up a donor’s plaque that referred to God.

As the Indianapolis Star reports:

When Michael McCracken and his wife made a $12,500 donation to Purdue’s School of Mechanical Engineering in 2012, Purdue asked the engineering graduate to provide an inscription for a conference room dedication plaque, which would be installed in the recently renovated Herrick Laboratories.

But the words McCracken chose, in honor of his parents, turned out to be controversial.

“To those who seek to better the world through the understanding of God’s physical laws and innovation of practical solutions. In honor of Dr. William ‘Ed’ and Glenda McCracken.”

Purdue rejected the dedication because of its use of the word “God,” which officials said would be a government endorsement of religion. Purdue is a public institution and receives money from state and federal entities.

McCracken, his lawyer and The Liberty Institute, a national group backing him, said the plaque is private speech and that Purdue’s ban violates his First Amendment rights under the establishment clause.

“The First Amendment protects Dr. McCracken’s right to refer to ‘God’s physical laws,’ ” said McCracken’s attorney, Robert K. Kelner of Covington & Burling LLP.

Well, not so fast. Purdue University, like the museum in Los Angeles, is a state university, i.e., an arm of the government of Indiana. The First Amendment prohibits the mixing of church and state (university in this case), so such signs are not only misleading (“God’s physical laws”—really??), presuming the existence of God, but unconstitutional. Purdue has every right to prohibit them, and I’m pleased that university took that stand. But I’m not proud of them, because of the way they phrased their objection (see below).

Now of course the donor has every right to take his money back unless there is a signed document saying that he’s donating the money without restrictions, but it appears that Purdue also seemed to approve a priori whatever the donor wanted to say. In that case Purdue made a mistake, but is under no legal obligation to provide a sign that violates the constitution. And in such a case it must return the money. But $12,500 is chicken feed to a school like Purdue.

Purdue’s legal counsel made the following statement:

“We have a great deal of understanding and sympathy for the disappointment of the McCracken family. If we had confidence that the courts would find this private speech as the donor’s counsel argues, then we would agree immediately — and strongly.

“But given the facts here, our status as a public institution, and the hopelessly muddled state of jurisprudence in this particular area, we could fully expect lengthy and expensive litigation that would wipe out the value of this donation many times over, and we just don’t think that’s advisable for either the donor or the university. Still, we remain open to continued discussions, as we’d much prefer to be in the mode of expressing gratitude, not disagreement, to our donors.”

As you see, the University is taking no position on the constitutionality of the wording, which I find a bit disappointing. They are simply saying that they can’t take the cost of a lawsuit. Well, that’s disingenuous because there’s no guarantee that anyone would sue (somebody with “standing” would have to complain). What they are doing is covering their own butts without offending the donor’s religious sentiments, and probably in light of the fact that they screwed up.  I think, though, that I know of one or two Purdue faculty that might have complained about such a plaque!

McCracken’s lawyer made the expected defense:

“The university is essentially giving voices that would ban even private references to ‘God’ a heckler’s veto here,” Kelner said. “In so many words, the statement suggests that Dr. McCracken’s pledge was not large enough to justify the hassle of defending his speech in court. But, of course, it is precisely the university’s decision to violate Dr. McCracken’s First Amendment rights that would lead to potentially lengthy and expensive litigation.”

It’s not a private reference if it’s on a state university campus in public view! But Kelner did hit a nerve by zeroing in on Purdue’s unwise implication that they would engage in litigation defending the plaque had McCracken’s donation been larger.

In the end, though, there’s no way this plaque will—or should—go up. It’s clearly a violation of the First Amendment, and I have a feeling that someone with standing would raise an objection. That would allow a first-amendment suit to go forward, probably with the help of the Freedom from Religion Foundation

The newspaper article ends with this ominous statement:

McCracken’s lawyer said his client has given him the go-ahead to enter into litigation should the situation not be cleared up through negotiation.

Such litigation would be a loser if Purdue gives the money back.  And someone who can afford a donation of only $12,500 is unlikely to be able to foot the costs of a free-speech lawsuit—unless the Liberty Institute will handle the case pro bono. 

If you want to see the profound misunderstanding that Americans have over their First Amendment, read some of the comments on the article (click on “comments” on the bottom). One reader even says that if you don’t like this kind of religious statement, just turn your head and don’t look at it. That, of course, could justify all kinds of religious incursions into government.  I don’t suppose that reader would make the same argument if there were an (equally illegal) plaque saying, “This building was donated in the name of humanity, for there is no God.”

h/t: Amy


  1. The Militant One
    Posted March 1, 2014 at 11:05 am | Permalink

    “McCracken, his lawyer and The Liberty Institute, a national group backing him, said the plaque is private speech….”

    So go put the plaque on private property.

  2. Posted March 1, 2014 at 11:13 am | Permalink

    Ah but this reads like a conscious Christian assault that can be joined to all the others — a lot of them lawsuits — running amok in the U.S.
    I believe it’s part of a concerted effort by the religious right of which The Liberty Institute is a major force.
    And the news strongly suggests the lawsuit will not have to be pro bono: Covington, the law firm backing this guy, is a big white shoe player, i.e., very very expensive. Liberty is paying their fees.

  3. Posted March 1, 2014 at 11:13 am | Permalink

    State universities ( at the least ) have extensive legal divisions. Oft very, very quietly and physically located up.up.up. in the far, far – remotely accessible reaches of the campuses’ staidly austere administration buildings.

    But they are there.

    Where in the hell ARE these legals … … when it comes to, at their very first, constructing such contracts and / or agreements and / or memoranda of understanding – drafts which are iron – clad re “any future stuff” that may arise and, thus, surround incoming donations of $ or goods in kind to these said, public universities ? Why are these legal beagl … … , er, d*gs, NOT doing their state – paid jobs — right off the plate in the first place ?


    • Posted March 1, 2014 at 11:27 am | Permalink

      ” … … right off .the Constitutionally correct. plate in the first place ? ”


  4. Diana MacPherson
    Posted March 1, 2014 at 11:24 am | Permalink

    The reference to “private speech” is such a reach. Nice try though Lawyer dude.

  5. francis
    Posted March 1, 2014 at 11:32 am | Permalink


    • Diane G.
      Posted March 1, 2014 at 6:49 pm | Permalink


  6. Steve Gerrard
    Posted March 1, 2014 at 11:38 am | Permalink

    – To those who seek to better the world through the understanding of physical laws and innovation of practical solutions. In honor of Dr. William ‘Ed’ and Glenda McCracken. –

    The dedication would read just fine without the “God’s” modifier in it, and convey exactly the same meaning.

    It is a gratuitous insertion, and for that reason if no other, would be bound to lose in a court challenge.

    Purdue is trying to gently inform their donor that it can’t possibly stay in the dedication, even if they did put it in initially.

    • Posted March 1, 2014 at 12:40 pm | Permalink

      Exactly my thought. Just remove the G- word. This should be the content of the ‘negotiation’ from Purdue.

    • religionenslaves
      Posted March 1, 2014 at 1:44 pm | Permalink

      According to the “free speech” logic, the University could not object to
      “To those who seek to better the world through the understanding of Satan’s physical laws”.

      • Filippo
        Posted March 1, 2014 at 4:26 pm | Permalink

        Or those of the invisible Flying Spaghetti Monster.

  7. Posted March 1, 2014 at 11:41 am | Permalink

    Just reword the plaque as “Allah’s physical laws” and see whether The Liberty Institute is so willing to take the case. I predict that instead they’d be suing to remove the plaque.

    • Jesper Both Pedersen
      Posted March 1, 2014 at 12:00 pm | Permalink

      Or fsm.

  8. Ken
    Posted March 1, 2014 at 12:19 pm | Permalink

    Just to reinforce your point about the 1st amendment. Purdue as a public university doesn’t have the right to refuse the plaque. It has the duty to refuse the plaque. This they must know. The equivocation by Purdue is unfortunate.

  9. John
    Posted March 1, 2014 at 1:17 pm | Permalink

    The president of Purdue is former Republican governor Mitch Daniels, who definitely has a soft spot for religion. He’s on record as saying that if there’s no god that would mean that all that matters is “power.”. How’s that for a sophisticated philosophy?

    • Diana MacPherson
      Posted March 1, 2014 at 1:53 pm | Permalink

      In other words, without god we’d all become bored sociopaths. Hmmmmmm.

    • Andrew B.
      Posted March 1, 2014 at 3:59 pm | Permalink

      Isn’t the reason people worship “God” because he’s “the Almighty?” It seems like a worship/obedience to powerful authority figures is the BASIS of his religion.

  10. eric
    Posted March 1, 2014 at 2:53 pm | Permalink

    It’s clearly a violation of the First Amendment

    I disagree with this and Ken @6’s post too that it’s necessarily unconstitutional. Purdue could, if it wanted, say that donor inscriptions are a limited public forum. They would have to give up all content control over them, then, but they could do it.

    However, there is no reason they must make donor inscriptions a limited public forum. So rejecting it is (IMO) legal too. Its really up to them whether they want these things to be a free-for-all of speech or not, and I can think of many good reasons having nothing to do with religion for the “not” answer.

    • Posted March 1, 2014 at 3:21 pm | Permalink

      That’s not an especially defensible position; see all the brouhaha over the inclusion of Pastafarian and Satanist displays at other institutions (like courthouses) that have already welcomed the Ten Commandments. You wind up in quagmire very quickly, again with more lawsuits.


      • eric
        Posted March 2, 2014 at 12:57 pm | Permalink

        Yes, it’s not a strategy I would recommend for many reasons. However it is a legal way for them to allow religious (and other) messages in donor dedications.

  11. ladyatheist
    Posted March 1, 2014 at 6:43 pm | Permalink

    Perhaps Purdue is afraid that Professor Ceiling Cat will censor them? Universities all over Indiana must be afraid of him now.

  12. Posted March 2, 2014 at 12:08 am | Permalink

    Um… er… ahem. (clears throat)…


  13. David Duncan
    Posted March 2, 2014 at 5:10 am | Permalink

    I get pretty annoyed with donors expecting some sort of recompense for their gifts, whether that be mentioning God in a plaque, some political position or just their names built into the name of a professors chair. What’s wrong with just giving some money to establish a chair, or a foundation without having the donors’ name in lights?

    • Filippo
      Posted March 2, 2014 at 5:44 am | Permalink

      If a donor seeking ego-stroking acknowledgement is shrewd, s/he will donate a tremendous amount and absolutely insist on anonymity, thereby stoking the white-hot fires of media inquiry, and then haplessly (happily?) throw up her/his hands in humility and embarrassment.

  14. Newish Gnu
    Posted March 2, 2014 at 6:10 pm | Permalink

    Well, if it is private speech, then surely Purdue ought to keep it private. May I suggest the inside of a closet door? Seems pretty private to me.

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