The world’s smartest bird?

From HuffPo via reader Don, we have an amazing video of a crow solving a complex puzzle. We all knew that corvids were smart, but did you know that they were this smart?

Here are the HuffPo notes:

In this BBC special, Dr. Alex Taylor has set up an eight-step puzzle to try and stump one of the smartest crows he’s seen in captivity. They describe the puzzle as “one of the most complex tests of the animal mind ever.”

This isn’t the first time crows’ intelligence has been tested, either. Along with being problem solvers, these animals have an eerie tendency towards complex human-like memory skills. Through several different studies, we’ve learned that crows can recognize faces, communicate details of an event to each other and even avoid places they recognize as dangerous.

This bird, dubbed “007″ for its crafty mind, flies into the caged puzzle and spends only seconds analyzing the puzzle before getting down to business. Despite the puzzle’s difficulty, the bird only seems to be stumped momentarily. At the end of the puzzle is a food reward, but how he gets there is what will really blow your mind.

NOTE: If the video doesn’t play, or you get a video that’s not about crow intelligence, watch it directly on the HuffPo page.

Now I don’t know how much the bird was trained beforehand, and whether it knew, for instance, that putting three stones in the lucite box would release a longer stick, but I doubt it. If the bird figured all that out de novo, it’s truly remarkable.  But since the bird apparently hadn’t had experience with both the stones and the small stick it used retrieve them, or with the stones and the box that released the large stick (the narrator says that the bird had experience only with single items of the 8-item puzzle), then it is a stunning demonstration of bird intelligence.

48 Comments

  1. gbjames
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:09 pm | Permalink

    I would have preferred a stricter description of what the prior experiences were. The video leaves a bit of unneeded ambiguity there. Still, smart bird!

    • Posted February 9, 2014 at 3:18 pm | Permalink

      I agree. The bit I wondered about was the three stone drop mechanism. Had it been previously trained to use that to release food, or did it know that a stick would come out? We did not really see it show a lot of interest in that box prior to the point that it started dropping stones in it, so it is not clear what it expected to come out. It might have been making the forward connection but it might have just been trying the next obvious thing (have previously encountered the device) to see what happened. Then, once a long stick was released, it capitalised on its success. Like you say, still smart either way!

    • Posted February 9, 2014 at 3:48 pm | Permalink

      Based anecdotally on what I see researchers do with crows (shown in online videos), I would suggest that the crow has seen the various puzzles separately, and in various combinations. So each step is known by the crow, and they know to do things in a sequence. I would take him at this word that this crow has not seen this particular sequence before.

      • gbjames
        Posted February 9, 2014 at 4:10 pm | Permalink

        I take him at his word, I just would like to not have to speculate about exactly “separate steps” means.

    • M'thew
      Posted February 10, 2014 at 2:39 am | Permalink

      Chris Packham later in this episode explains that it wasn’t about letting the crow puzzle out everything de novo, but rather to let it combine different experiences into a new sequence of actions that would lead to a reward. That apparently is something that for instance Itchy and Scratchy (his beloved d*gs) are not able to do.

      See also in this episode of the series the set-up with a jay, Itchy and Scratchy and a child (age 2,5 yrs). The jay solves the puzzle (and gets the reward) in no time at all. The d*gs get nowhere, the child gives up pretty quickly.

      Of course, corvids don’t build aeroplanes, but then again, why would they…

  2. john matthews
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:11 pm | Permalink

    From what I recall watching the show the bird had completed all the puzzles individually before but never all together.
    The premise of the show was that birds can learn skills and use them in a flexible manor.

    We were given the a possible reason of a birds brain to weight ratio much higher than average animals.

    I highly recommend watching the entire show it was jaw dropping from beginning to end.

    Other highlight included a puzzle where a crow vs a dog vs 2 year old human. Crow won.

    • Diana MacPherson
      Posted February 9, 2014 at 3:05 pm | Permalink

      Yes I recall seeing this whole show too and I believe you are correct in the training. Amazing that the bird puts it all together. I think that is called transfer of learning. I remember my Latin teacher in high school was excited when we demonstrated such learning by applying our other studies to Latin (forget which). See, I’m as smart as the crow!

    • moarscienceplz
      Posted February 9, 2014 at 5:59 pm | Permalink

      Yes, from the minimal hesitation and lack of false starts, I assume the bird already knew:
      -A twig can be used to retrieve objects.
      -A long twig can retrieve objects that a short twig cannot.
      -Multiple stones will deliver a long twig.

      The fact that the bird could link all these behaviors together is quite cool, but I have seen other corvids solve some quite non-intuitive puzzles that would put this example to shame, such as tugging on the leftmost of a pair of strings in order to get a treat that appears to be hanging from the rightmost string. (The string were made to crisscross by use of invisible monofilament fishing line.)

      “We were given the a possible reason of a birds brain to weight ratio much higher than average animals.”

      I don’t see how a high brain to body mass ratio could cause high intelligence. Surely it must be a matter of total number of neurons cross factored with number of average neural connections. So a heavier brain (irrespective of body mass) would, in general, be better than a lighter brain, but a light, highly connected brain could be better than a heavy, poorly connected one.

      • Gregory Kusnick
        Posted February 9, 2014 at 9:13 pm | Permalink

        All else being equal, a larger body has more sensorimotor surface to monitor and control. It takes more brain mass to do that. So the relevant metric for intelligence is not absolute brain mass, but brain mass in excess of what’s needed for basic command-and-control of a body that size.

    • Latverian Diplomat
      Posted February 10, 2014 at 11:01 am | Permalink

      Birds have hollow bones which makes their bodies weigh less than a mammal of equivalent size. Is that taken into account in measuring these ratios?

  3. john matthews
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:13 pm | Permalink

    I don’t know if this is counrty specific..

    episode 1

    episode 2

    • thomcan
      Posted February 10, 2014 at 12:31 pm | Permalink

      Thanks for posting these. Both excellent, but #2 is pretty amazing all the way through.

      I’m not finding the next episode on YouTube, the one mentioned at the end of episode #2. Animals (elephants) that mourn the death of others of their species.

  4. Lianne Byram
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:14 pm | Permalink

    Amazing! I like your new Twitter photo by the way.

    • Charles Sullivan
      Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:18 pm | Permalink

      Tw***er photo, you mean.

      • Lianne Byram
        Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:27 pm | Permalink

        :)

  5. uglicoyote
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:15 pm | Permalink

    Reblogged this on The Road.

  6. Richard Olson
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:15 pm | Permalink

    I want to turn that bird loose with the tv/vcr control gizmo’s that mystify me.

    • Diana MacPherson
      Posted February 9, 2014 at 3:02 pm | Permalink

      My cursed PVR perhaps as well. I am a fairly technical person but it’s UI seriously sucks!

      • Posted February 10, 2014 at 6:46 am | Permalink

        No kidding. I think even a chicken would be a better UI designer than whatever monkeys the consumer electronic devices companies employ.

        b&

  7. Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:24 pm | Permalink

    Incredible. We often underestimate animal intelligence and overestimate ours.

  8. Lee
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:27 pm | Permalink

    Why didn’t the bird drop the first stone into the compartment to see what effect that action would have. Did it know beforehand that 3 stones were required?

    • Michael Fisher
      Posted February 9, 2014 at 3:09 pm | Permalink

      Yes. The 007 had experience with each stage of the puzzle before this.

  9. Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:28 pm | Permalink

    Impressive!

    Coincidentally, I briefly heard and saw a large corvid earlier this morning. I think it was a raven, but it was too far off to hope to get a decent ID….

    b&

    • Posted February 9, 2014 at 3:52 pm | Permalink

      I used to live in Arizona, and I miss watching ravens. When I look at them, they seem to look back. Thinking….

      • Posted February 10, 2014 at 6:49 am | Permalink

        We don’t see many in the metro Phoenix area. They love Flagstaff, though.

        b&

    • js
      Posted February 9, 2014 at 6:09 pm | Permalink

      There are usually crows around my property.
      When I have leftover bread I will throw it on the lawn and yell out ‘birdie num num’ and once I’m gone they will arrive soon after to grab it.
      I love crows but my neighbour the vet doesn’t because he says they peck out the eyes of newborn calves.

      • Posted February 10, 2014 at 11:18 am | Permalink

        I’ve read that at least with regards to ravens, the eye thing is in fact false. They eat eyes, yes, but don’t attack living animals, merely harvest from the dead.

  10. Hugh
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:33 pm | Permalink

    I watched the show as it went out, and I’m pretty sure at some point they said the birds hadn’t been trained.

  11. Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:36 pm | Permalink

    BTW The link points to the current feature video which changes frequently, not the Crow video specifically.

    • Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:39 pm | Permalink

      Sorry – there was no sign of the embedded video when I commented. Must have been a page loading glitch.

  12. marksolock
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 2:37 pm | Permalink

    Reblogged this on Mark Solock Blog.

  13. Scientifik
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 3:17 pm | Permalink

    You might also want to check out this video…

  14. Michael Fisher
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 3:18 pm | Permalink

    Dr. Taylor demonstrates how a crow retrieves a food treat from a wooden barred cage in three examples ~ the last one involving a rubber snake inside the cage HERE ~ Amusing

    Video description:-

    …New Caledonian crow responses to bowl, teddy and snake. This research was published in the journal Biology Letters in the paper: ‘Context-dependent tool use in New Caledonian crows’ by Alex H. Taylor, Gavin R. Hunt, and Russell D. Gray. The doi link for the article:-

    HERE

  15. Scientifik
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 3:27 pm | Permalink

    Nothing short of amazing.

    And BTW, do check out this video as well…

    • Scientifik
      Posted February 9, 2014 at 3:38 pm | Permalink

      Sorry for the double post. My browser crashed the first time around and I thought the post didn’t go through.

  16. Sidd
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 4:12 pm | Permalink

    I’m not doubting the experiment, but it was a complete mistake to have the guy sitting right there. Humans can leak cues without knowing it, e.g., Clever Hans https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clever_Hans

    A crow reading body language is perhaps just as impressive, but there’s no need to fuck up the experiment like that.

  17. cremnomaniac
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 7:24 pm | Permalink

    The New Caledonian Crow is a very intelligent bird (tool user), and watching it perform this feat seems incredible. Not to undermine the significance of this birds ability, but it is not as incredible as it appears at first blush. The question seems to be whether or not the crow had any prior training. I suggest with 99% certainty that the chain of behaviors observed were in fact learned individually, one specific behavior at a time (e.g., pulling rocks out of the cage).

    I have personally taught pigeons to read (no, not aloud). At least to the lay person that’s what it looked like. The crow is able to carry out a far more complex chain of behaviors than a pigeon, but individual behaviors had to be learned first. These birds have evolved some innate abilities that are exceptional, as is their capacity to learn. I would be most interested to find out how many individual behaviors were taught, and was the crow taught to chain individual behaviors in the correct sequence through shaping? Was it taught the sequence or did it learn through trial and error? . Did the crow emit any novel behaviors?

    In another video Dr. Taylor mentions it taking 150 trials for 3 of 6 crows to learn the solution to the “trap tube” which is a much simpler task. So how many trials did it take the crow to learn this? That is not offered but I suggest that it was also in the hundreds.
    Personally I find the Crow’s use of tools most fascinating.

  18. Tien Song Chuan
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 8:14 pm | Permalink

    No big deal. Just trial and error. There is really no other choice. I see blind luck here.

    • Notagod
      Posted February 9, 2014 at 9:04 pm | Permalink

      Wow.

      • js
        Posted February 9, 2014 at 9:27 pm | Permalink

        I think you mean ‘WOW!!!!!’.
        Blind luck?
        How could anyone come to that conclusion?
        They were all previously learned behaviors that the crow had to use in the correct sequence.
        It didn’t appear to be doing them randomly.
        It seemed to know which sequence would work, and it had never seen that required sequence before.
        How is that ‘blind luck’.

  19. Diane G.
    Posted February 9, 2014 at 11:21 pm | Permalink

    sub

  20. bonetired
    Posted February 10, 2014 at 1:04 am | Permalink

    I can easily believe it. This is from a BBC programme that shows how damn smart they are:

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/life/Carrion_Crow#p007xvww

    I have watched crows play “chicken” on UK motorways, dodging the traffic to grab whatever flattened fauna they can find ….

  21. Kevin
    Posted February 10, 2014 at 4:34 am | Permalink

    I think the snowboarder shown here before is more impressive:

    http://whyevolutionistrue.wordpress.com/2013/12/19/crow-snowboards-on-mayonnaise-lid/

    When birds have fun for reasons which appear to be fun, like what dolphins do a lot, that is, relatively speaking, superior intelligence in the animal kingdom.

  22. Karen
    Posted February 10, 2014 at 5:10 am | Permalink

    It always makes me wonder, with this much intelligence what is the emotional intelligence of crows? They are pretty social birds…

  23. reasonshark
    Posted February 10, 2014 at 8:10 am | Permalink

    It seems to be more an interesting demonstration than a scientifically rigorous test, but all the same it was incredibly enjoyable just watching the crow at work. The best part was watching it gather the stones, apparently not sure what to do with them, and then switch to placing them in the plastic container.

  24. Ken Pidcock
    Posted February 10, 2014 at 11:21 am | Permalink

    I liked how it picked up the short stick to retrieve a stone sitting on the table. Must’ve spaced there for a second.

  25. Posted February 11, 2014 at 1:59 pm | Permalink

    Absolutely stupendous. I knew crows are very intelligent, but this tops all I have seen, read and learnt on the subject!

  26. Edward
    Posted June 16, 2014 at 1:51 pm | Permalink

    When I was growing up I too had a pet crow. My Uncle who has some farmland would climb up and take a baby crow or 2 from it’s nest. I know it sounds mean. However he would raise them as pets and gave our family a baby crow to raise as our own. It was an amazing animal as a pet. It was left to fly freely but always stuck around the house and neighborhood as it was it’s own territory. It would come when you called it and land on your arm. My mother would call it from the window and it would land on the sill as she fed it scraps of meat. It would sit atop the dogs back and eat and drink from the dogs dishes. It would bring shiny objects from who knows where and leave them on the back porch as gifts. It would attack young children that passed by through the alley as if it was protecting us. Kind of an image from the movie “The Birds”. I’ll never forget it. Unfortunately all the photos have been lost so I am left with fond memories of the most amazing pet bird I’ve ever had.


2 Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. […] The world’s smartest bird? >> * Lifelogging Gear Is Small, Cheap, and Powerful, So Like It Or Not, You’re Going To Be Recorded […]

  2. […] I used to have a number of examples of bird intelligence that I’d been planning to share and never got around to it. This is quick and well-worth watching though. It’s a crow solving a complex, multi-step puzzle. I found it through a post on Why Evolution Is True. […]

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